Ukraine-Ukraine warns of risk of hydrogen leakage and possible fires at attacked Zaporiyia power plant
Ukrainian nuclear power operator Energoatom warned Saturday that the Zaporiyia nuclear power plant is in danger of a hydrogen leak and a possible fire following attacks in the past two days for which Moscow and Kiev are blaming each other.
A huge increase in renewable energy is needed if Queensland is to realise its green hydrogen potential, with the labour pool required for construction compared to the mining boom.
The impact of the state's energy transition on construction workers has been mapped out by not-for-profit and industry-funded group Construction Skills Queensland.
A new report investigates three different scenarios; one where green hydrogen is exported and used domestically, one that focuses solely on exports, and the alternative of only contributing to the domestic energy mix.
Renewable energy projects are taking off but where is the workforce?
When key figures in Australia's renewable energy industry met in Victoria last week, finding and training up the future clean energy workforce was top of the agenda.Gippsland, in south-eastern Victoria, has been touted as the golden child of the renewable energy industry.
"The more ambitious scenario where Queensland emerges as a hydrogen powerhouse would require a 50-fold expansion of renewable power generating assets," the report drawing on CSIRO modelling says.
While renewable electricity is critical to replace fossil fuels, the report notes high-energy processes such as steel making will need to decarbonise with other fuels.
"The global community has nominated green hydrogen as the fuel of choice for hard-to-abate applications - more than 30 nations have released a hydrogen strategy in the last two years," it says.
But producing green hydrogen comes at a significant energy cost.
"A future with hydrogen will require as much as four times more renewable electricity investment than one focused on simply replacing fossil-fuelled electricity with renewables-powered electricity," the report says.
Net zero, Russia war driving nascent hydrogen economy
Kevin Kendall pulls up at the only green hydrogen refuelling station in Birmingham, Britain's second-biggest city, and swiftly fills his sedan with clean gas. In Birmingham, central England, it costs about £50 ($60) to fill Kendall's Toyota Mirai with the green hydrogen that is produced at a plant next to the refuelling station. That is around half the bill for a similar-sized diesel car after the Ukraine war sent fossil fuel prices rocketing.Despite the price benefit, Britain is home to around only a dozen hydrogen refuelling stations.
"At a minimum ... Queensland's total energy generation is expected to expand five-fold over the next few decades. Under the Export Domestic scenario, the expansion could be more than 10-times current capacity."
The report follows the launch last month of a 10-year hydrogen workforce development road map by Minister for Training and Skills Di Farmer.
Video: Concerns over state of bulk-billing (Sky News Australia)
"We're already accelerating toward our ambitious target of 50 per cent renewable energy by 2030, with a vision to be at the forefront of renewable hydrogen production and the global supplier of choice," she said.
Capital expenditure for the construction of renewable energy assets could range between $6.7 billion and $13.9 billion annually to 2050, the report estimates.
Depending on the scenario, the number of construction jobs directly created by the renewable build-out ranges between 14,500 and 26,700.
Biden’s Climate Law Is Ending 40 Years of Hands-off Government
For America to decarbonize, it must re-industrialize.Since the law emerged from a surprise compromise between Senator Joe Manchin and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer last month, most attention has been paid to the fact of the bill itself: that it is a climate bill, that America’s sorry environmental record has begun to reverse. Far less attention has been paid to the ideas that animate the IRA. That is a shame. Every law embodies a particular hypothesis about how the world works, a hope that if you pull on levers A and B, then outcomes C and D will result.
About half of the labour will be absorbed by the hydrogen economy, and a future with no hydrogen would only require just over 8000 workers for the renewable build-out as the state decarbonises in line with current commitments.
Three-in-four construction workers required to build green hydrogen facilities will be employed on the renewable electricity projects needed to power those facilities, the report says.
The demand on the construction labour has been compared to the state's mining boom that reached 250,000 workers at its peak.
"We estimate this represented a 13 per cent increase on the labour required to service the baseline construction needs of Queensland's population," the report says.
"Looking forward, the renewables build-out will require a similar addition to the workforce - around 10 per cent per annum under the Export Domestic scenario."
The report notes there will likely be further spillover in demand created by housing and infrastructure requirements of the workers.
It predicts the renewables transition will "be a long-term, probably permanent change in the level of construction demand in Queensland" much of which will take place in the regions.
"Between 62 per cent and 96 per cent of investment will be spread across three areas of regional Queensland," it says.
"Northern Queensland is the standout performer, capturing between $3.8 billion and $6.5 billion of renewables investment per year up to 2050."
Germany's Scholz looks to Canada as energy supplier .
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Monday met with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in Canada to firm up access to new energy supplies as his country moves to quickly end its reliance on Russian oil and gas. Germany will need more liquid natural gas during its energy transition, he said, adding: "It is indispensable because we want to move away from our dependency of Russian gas supplies."At a joint news conference in Montreal on the first full day of his three-day visit, Scholz said Germany is rushing construction of liquid natural gas (LNG) ports infrastructure and pipelines to boost imports and is reaching out to other nations, like Canada, to increase their output.