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Crashing through the Mediterranean's waves at sunset, Palestinian fisherman Mohammed al-Nahal leads a convoy of rickety boats out for another risky night under the Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip. Forced to stay close to shore due to Israeli restrictions on powerful engines, the men complain they must seek a catch from overfished shallow waters with declining stocks. "If we catch 200 kilos (450 pounds) of sardines, that would be great," NahalForced to stay close to shore due to Israeli restrictions on powerful engines, the men complain they must seek a catch from overfished shallow waters with declining stocks.
Mussa al-Nahas sat outside his fragrance and spice shop overlooking the Red Sea beaming at the sight of Russian tourists, who are beginning to flood back to Sharm el-Sheikh six years after a terror attack. © Khaled DESOUKI Russian tourists are beginning to flood back to Egypt's Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh six years after a terror attack that downed a Metrojet plane killing 224 mostly Russian passengers © Khaled DESOUKI Tourism represents 10 percent of Egypt's GDP, and a Russian ban on flights to Sharm el-Sheikh and the Covid pandemic had dealt the industry a heavy blow
"Today is much, much better than three or four months ago because the Russians are back," he told AFP.
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"The return of Russian flights has spurred other countries to also open up," he added.
Nahas, 42, has spent half of his life in the idyllic, sun-drenched Red Sea resort which was badly hit economically after the 2015 downing of a Metrojet plane that killed 224 mostly Russian passengers. © Khaled DESOUKI Russian tourists say they are happy to be back in Egypt after the flight ban was lifted this year
The attack was claimed by the so-called Islamic State jihadist group, which has a presence in the restive North Sinai region.
In the wake of the crash, Russia instituted a blanket ban on all flights to the Red Sea from 2015, and even to Cairo for a few weeks.
The arrival of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 was a double blow driving away the remaining tourists -- the country's lifeline.
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Tourism represents about 10 percent of the GDP of Egypt where a third of the 100 million-strong population lives below the poverty line.
"We used to say that Sharm el-Sheikh had become a ghost town," said Nahas.
But in August, the fortunes of Sharm -- as it is affectionately known -- started to look up when the first plane from Moscow touched back down at the local airport.
After years of diplomacy, the long-running ban was finally lifted.
- 'Like things used to be' -
Tour guide Abdelqader Abdel-Rahman, 30, who was preparing to take a group of Hungarian adventurers on a desert safari on quad bikes, was delighted to see the tourists milling around town.
"Before 2015, there were about 120-150 flights coming from Russia weekly... We hope that things go back to what they used to be," he told AFP.
Currently, there are about 20 flights from Russia landing in Sharm every week.
Capitalising on the appetite for tourism after months of global lockdowns, Egypt's tourism ministry has waived visa fees for 28 countries including many from eastern Europe.
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In April, the country welcomed half a million tourists alone, twice as many as January, according to official figures.
"Since Russian planes have started coming back, the town has begun moving. Lots of people have gone back to their old jobs and have opened up their bazaars and restaurants again," Abdel-Rahman said.
Tourists are also happy to be back in the largest Arab country with plenty to explore from the pyramids in the north to the beauty of the Red Sea corals.
Sipping tea in a Bedouin tent in the desert before hitting the dunes, Hungarian Roland Juni, 41, said he had last visited a decade ago.
"I don't feel too many differences. I liked it 10 years ago and I like it now," he said.
"Now I see many, many Russians here. More than before," he added.
In 2019, before the onslaught of the pandemic, Egypt's tourism revenues reached $13 billion. But they plummeted to $4 billion last year, a huge shock for some two million workers in the industry.
- 'We've missed it a lot' -
Russian tourists have also been lining up for Sharm's marine activities from snorkelling and diving to jet-skiing.
Standing on the deck of a boat, Alexei Volnyago, 35, extolled: "We don't have seas like this in Russia... It's spectacular over here."
"We haven't been to Sharm in five years... we've missed it a lot."
At a major shopping centre, another Russian tourist named Alexei was busy picking out juicy, ripe mangoes -- a delicacy to savour in hot Egyptian climes.
"Prices are pretty good... and the people are kind," he told AFP, strolling the aisles.
Shopkeeper Nahas recalled his Russian doctor friend who for 11 years spent six months annually in Sharm. "We used to call him Alexei the Sharmawi," Nahas said.
"As soon as flights were back in the air, he also came back."
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in the Chinese region Xiapu drumming actor tourists a curved picture of idyllic life in the country. For visitors, this is obviously largely no matter, because many are just about the perfect holiday photo. At least 2009, tourism in Xiapu has increased tenfold since 2009. © Getty Images Xiaapu Who travels in the Chinese province of Fujian in the Xiapu region, which can rely on one: spectacular photos of idyllic life in the countryside.