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World: China downgrades diplomatic ties with Lithuania over Taiwan row

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China has officially downgraded diplomatic ties with Lithuania in protest, the foreign ministry in Beijing said Sunday, after Taiwan established a de facto embassy in Vilnius.

China has downgraded diplomatic ties with Lithuania after Taiwan established a de facto embassy in Vilnius © PETRAS MALUKAS China has downgraded diplomatic ties with Lithuania after Taiwan established a de facto embassy in Vilnius

Lithuania allowing Taipei to open an office using the name Taiwan was a significant diplomatic departure that defied a pressure campaign by Beijing.

China baulks at any official use of the word "Taiwan", lest it lend a sense of international legitimacy to the island -- which it considers a part of its territory to be taken one day.

Taiwan opens Lithuania representative office using its own name

  Taiwan opens Lithuania representative office using its own name Taipei announced on Thursday it had formally opened a de facto embassy in Lithuania using the name of Taiwan, a significant diplomatic departure that defied a pressure campaign and warnings by Beijing. Lithuania in July agreed to let democratic self-ruled Taiwan open a representative office using its name, the island's first new diplomatic outpost in Europe in 18 years. That move prompted a fierce rebuke by China which withdrew its ambassador to Lithuania and demanded Vilnius do the same, which it eventually did. China also halted freight trains to Lithuania and stopped issuing food export permits.

"The Chinese government had to lower diplomatic relations between the two countries... to safeguard its sovereignty and the basic norms of international relations," the ministry said in a statement announcing the downgrade to the charge d'affaires level.

"The Lithuanian government must bear all consequences that arise from this."

It added that Lithuania had "abandoned the political commitment made upon the establishment of diplomatic relations" with China.

It was a reference to the "One China" policy, under which countries officially recognise Beijing over Taipei.

Taiwan announced that it would open the office in July, its first new diplomatic outpost in Europe in 18 years.

That prompted a fierce rebuke from China. It withdrew its ambassador from Lithuania and demanded Vilnius do the same, which it eventually did.

China angered after Taiwan opens diplomatic office in Lithuania

  China angered after Taiwan opens diplomatic office in Lithuania China says Lithuania "shall be responsible" for the consequences that come after the opening of a de facto Taiwan embassy in the European nation. The Taiwan Representative Office was opened on Thursday in the capital Vilnius despite the strong condemnation from China, who claims the island of 24 million as part of its territory.In August, China re-called its ambassador to Lithuania and expelled Lithuanian diplomats from Beijing over the Baltic state's decision to open the office with the self-governing island.

China also halted freight trains to Lithuania and stopped issuing food export permits.

- Pressure on Taiwan -

The opening of the Vilnius office is the latest sign that some Baltic and central European countries are seeking closer relations with Taiwan, even if that angers China.

In May, Lithuania announced it was quitting China's 17+1 cooperation forum with central and eastern European states, calling it "divisive".

Politicians in the Czech Republic have also pushed for closer ties with Taiwan.

Only 15 countries officially recognise Taipei over Beijing.

But Taiwan maintains embassy equivalent representative offices with many nations and several countries have similar arrangements in Taipei.

International support for the island has grown since China's President Xi Jinping came to power.

A growing number of unofficial diplomatic visits have taken place between Taiwanese, European and American officials in recent months.

Xi has ushered in a more authoritarian and muscular era, taking a markedly more aggressive approach to Taipei since the 2016 election of President Tsai Ing-wen.

She is loathed by Beijing because she regards Taiwan as an already sovereign nation and not part of "one China".

Beijing has also poached several of Taiwan's diplomatic allies in recent years, including Panama, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic.

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China's Taiwan jet incursions at second-highest level in November .
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