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World: Vaccines anti-Covid in Africa: China promises a billion

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  Vaccins anti-Covid en Afrique : la Chine promet un milliard de doses © doses SEYLLOU / AFP

L e Chinese President Xi Jinping promised on Monday 29th November billion doses of anti-Covid vaccines to Africa in the form of grants or support for local production, to fill the "vacuum vaccine" accused by the continent. Xi Jinping made the announcement at a distance during a China-Africa Cooperation Forum held in the new town of Diamniado, outside Dakar while African countries are working to revive their economy hard hit by the pandemic . READ ALSO

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access to vaccines inequality

hot topic The organizers plan to achieve it on enhanced cooperation with China . This last, largest trading partner in Africa and second largest destination for African exports, has doubled its economic activism on the continent of intensive vaccination diplomacy in support of country notoriously underfunded. "As part of the fight against Covid, China will provide Africa a billion doses of additional vaccines, including $ 600 million in grants and $ 400 million in other forms such as establishing units vaccine production, "said the Chinese president at the opening of the China-Africa cooperation (FOCAC).

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vaccine production projects on the continent have already become reality in Egypt or are in the pipeline, the Senegal, for example. China has also delivered more than 160 million doses of vaccine to Africa, said Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce, Ren Hongbin, much of which in the form of donations. "We must continue the fight against the solidarity Covid. We must give priority to the protection of our populations and bridge the gap vaccine, "said the Chinese president, referring to severe vaccination delay observed in Africa.

The Chinese president also announced the dispatch of 1,500 health professionals and the realization of 100 health projects. READ ALSO

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Novel concern to Africa

He also promised support to agribusiness. Aid to this sector by the Chinese giant is a strong expectation of Senegal and a number of African countries in search of development. Forum participants, investors and African officials and Chinese participating physically or remotely, reiterated the importance of Chinese involvement on the continent.

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Across Africa, production fell by 2.4% in 2020, the pandemic has increased unemployment, budget deficits, public debt, said the Minister of Economy of Senegal, Amadou Hott. But he noted "the strong resilience of China-Africa facing the shock associated with the health crisis." Chinese direct investment in Africa has taken over and amounted to 2.5 billion dollars in the first nine months of 2021, he said.

The Senegalese minister, however, called Chinese relationship with the continent less centered on the debt and benefiting the African economies. Cooperation must "be more Chinese direct investment in Africa," he said. "We have a lot of investment in debt, we need more equity investment," he insisted.

READ ALSO "The Covid-19 has had as psychological under decomplexing Africans"

Beyond debt investments in

strategic areas China is facing the charge of use of debts contracted by States African particularly to finance large infrastructure such as airports and train lines to increase its influence on countries unable or struggling to meet their commitments. She also criticized the trade imbalance and its social and environmental practices.

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The Chinese Foreign Ministry rejected on Friday the accusation that Beijing instrumentaliserait debt in Africa. He invoked the lack of equity in African countries as hampering their social development. The Senegalese Minister Hott asked that more Chinese companies direct their investments towards industrialization and digitalization of the economies of the continent, with a transfer of skills and technology. "This pandemic has highlighted the need for our economies to produce more and become sovereign in strategic sectors" such as pharmaceuticals, agribusiness and digitalization, has he said. READ ALSO

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The Pandemic of Mistrust .
Vaccine hesitancy is a global crisis. Research suggests that declines in trust are to blame.South Africa, the country where the variant was first reported, did receive vaccines far too late, partly because wealthy countries did not donate enough doses and pharmaceutical companies refused to share their technology. At one point, South Africa had to export doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine that it had manufactured in-country in order to comply with a contract it had signed with the company.

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