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World: China reopens embassy in Nicaragua after diplomatic switch

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China has reopened its embassy in Nicaragua, a few weeks after the Central American country switched diplomatic recognition from Taiwan to Beijing.

Daniel Ortega, who ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, previously changed recognition to China in 1985 but a successor, Violeta Chamorro, switched it back five years later [File: Oswaldo Rivas/AFP] © Provided by Al Jazeera Daniel Ortega, who ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, previously changed recognition to China in 1985 but a successor, Violeta Chamorro, switched it back five years later [File: Oswaldo Rivas/AFP]

That change was a political win for China, which claims Taiwan as part of its territory and has stepped up pressure to isolate the self-ruled island on the international stage.

The announcement three weeks ago leaves Taiwan with just 14 diplomatic allies, even as Taipei strengthens ties with multiple unofficial Western friends including the United States.

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Nicaraguan Foreign Minister Denis Moncada, speaking at a ceremony marking the reopening of the embassy, said: “You are welcome in our Nicaragua … with the certainty that both countries have ahead of us a future of successes and victories in our brotherly relations.”

The new Chinese embassy will be under the orders of Yu Bu, who inaugurated it at the ceremony with Moncada and other officials including Laureano Ortega, a son of and adviser to President Daniel Ortega.

In a virtual meeting with Moncada on Friday, China’s State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Beijing welcomes and appreciates the right decision made by Nicaragua.

The time and conditions were all there for it to happen, Wang was quoted by China Daily as saying.

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China has spent decades encouraging Taiwan’s dwindling diplomatic allies to switch sides, including three others in Latin America in recent years – Panama, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic.

On December 9, the Ortega administration announced that Nicaragua was following suit.

“The People’s Republic of China is the only legitimate government representing all of China, and Taiwan is an inalienable part of Chinese territory,” Moncada said at the time.

A firebrand Marxist in his youth, Ortega ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990.

He previously changed recognition to China in 1985 but a successor, Violeta Chamorro, switched it back five years later.

The restoration of ties with China comes as the US and the European Union intensify sanctions against Nicaragua. Ortega won a fourth term in office in November in elections in which his main rivals were in jail.

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