World: Five things to know about the queen's coffin procession

Queen Elizabeth's funeral details and the period of mourning in UK: 'Operation London Bridge'

  Queen Elizabeth's funeral details and the period of mourning in UK: 'Operation London Bridge' Queen Elizabeth's funeral details and the period of mourning in UK: 'Operation London Bridge'

The ceremonial processions taking Queen Elizabeth II's coffin to London's Westminster Abbey and then towards her burial place at Windsor reflect the ancient traditions of the British monarchy.

The ceremonial processions at Queen Elizabeth II's funeral are steeped in royal traditions © Victoria Jones The ceremonial processions at Queen Elizabeth II's funeral are steeped in royal traditions

- Hauled by the Royal Navy -

Royal Navy sailors will use ropes to pull the queen's lead-lined coffin mounted on a gun carriage from Westminster Hall to Westminster Abbey. Their comrades in a team of 142 sailors will walk alongside to act as a brake if necessary.

This tradition dates back to Queen Victoria's funeral in February 1901.

Queen Elizabeth II's children, grandchildren and their spouses meet late monarch's coffin at Buckingham Palace

  Queen Elizabeth II's children, grandchildren and their spouses meet late monarch's coffin at Buckingham Palace King Charles III has left Buckingham Palace after receiving his mother's coffin as Her Majesty made the final journey home to London.  The hearse carrying the late Queen Elizabeth II was met by her children, grandchildren and their spouses at her official London residence, having travelled from Edinburgh earlier in the day. The King and Queen Consort were there, along with Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward. READ MORE: The royalsThe hearse carrying the late Queen Elizabeth II was met by her children, grandchildren and their spouses at her official London residence, having travelled from Edinburgh earlier in the day.

The horses meant to haul the gun carriage weighing more than two tons panicked and began kicking, threatening to drop the coffin.

One of the queen's relatives, Prince Louis of Battenberg, a Royal Navy captain, suggested to the new king, Edward VII, that this problem could be avoided by replacing horses with sailors.

Nine years later when Edward VII himself died, this idea was put into practice again and it has since become an unchanging tradition at state funerals.

- Pallbearers in bearskins -

Eight soldiers from the 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards will have the task of carrying the queen's coffin from Westminster Hall to the gun carriage outside, and then into Westminster Abbey.

One of the most ancient in the British army, the regiment is among five infantry regiments that make up the Queen's (now King's) Life Guard.

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The regiment's soldiers normally wear tall bearskin hats, a uniform they copied from the grenadiers of Napoleon's Imperial Guard, defeated at Waterloo in 1815.

The soldiers will be accompanied by Service Equerries to the Queen, attendants who assist the royals in carrying out public duties.

Eight pallbearers from the 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards will carry the queen's heavy lead-lined oak coffin © Jacob King Eight pallbearers from the 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards will carry the queen's heavy lead-lined oak coffin

- Guard of Honour -

Three regiments will play a particularly important role in the procession, marching very close to the queen's coffin.

The Yeomen of the Guard, the oldest military unit in the British Army created in 1485, and the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms are two former bodyguard units for the royals that now perform only a ceremonial role.

The Yeomen of the Guard -- the oldest military unit in the British army -- are part of the monarch's bodyguard © Marco BERTORELLO The Yeomen of the Guard -- the oldest military unit in the British army -- are part of the monarch's bodyguard

The Yeomen of the Guard always wear a red-and-gold uniform dating back to the Tudor era (16th century).

The Queen's coffin now rests in Edinburgh. Here's what happens next

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One of their best-known activities is searching the Palace of Westminster for gunpowder before the State Opening of Parliament.

This annual ritual commemorates the Gunpowder Plot, a failed attempt led by Guy Fawkes to blow up King James I and parliament in 1605.

They will be followed by members of the Royal Company of Archers, who acted as bodyguards for Elizabeth II whenever she was in Scotland.

Some detachments from other regiments in Britain and from the armed forces of the Commonwealth, a group of countries headed by the British monarch, will rejoin the funeral procession from Westminster Abbey to Wellington Arch at Hyde Park Corner near Buckingham Palace.

- Elizabeth II's royal house -

While members of the royal family led by the new King Charles III will follow the casket, following them will be members of the queen's royal household, including the most senior officer of the royal household, the lord chamberlain.

In front of them will come the pipers and drummers of the Scottish and Irish regiments, and the Brigade of Gurkhas made up of soldiers from Nepal who are part of the armed forces. There will also be 200 Royal Air Force musicians.

Lady Gabriella Windsor 'fainted' as Her Majesty's coffin arrived

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Queen Elizabeth II in the past took the salute herself at military parades © - Queen Elizabeth II in the past took the salute herself at military parades

- 6,000 troops -

Around 6,000 soldiers, sailors and air crew from the British armed forces will take part in the procession, Chief of the Defence Staff Admiral Tony Radakin told the BBC on Sunday.

At several points along the route they will perform a royal salute, for example when they pass the Victoria Memorial commemorating the queen.

"For all of us, this is our last duty for Her Majesty the Queen and it's our first prominent duty for His Majesty King Charles," he said.

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Prince George and Princess Charlotte to walk behind the Queen's coffin during funeral procession .
Prince George and Princess Charlotte will join senior members of the British royal family and walk behind Queen Elizabeth II's coffin at her funeral later today. It is the first time the young royals will been seen in public since the death of their beloved great-grandmother on September 8. Her Majesty will be laid to rest at a State Funeral in London about 7.30pm (AEST). George, nine, and Charlotte, seven, will walk behind their parents the Prince of Wales and Princess of Wales in the funeral procession into Westminster Abbey.

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