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© CBC Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, left, and Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Andrew Furey spoke briefly Wednesday to say the two sides have reached a deal on Muskrat Falls to stave off stark financial implications for the province.
The federal and provincial governments have struck a $5.2-billion deal to stave off the starkest financial consequences of the Muskrat Falls hydroelectric project in Newfoundland and Labrador, an agreement that includes keeping electricity bills on the island from spiking in a few months.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Premier Andrew Furey made a short joint announcement before media at Confederation Building in St. John's on Wednesday to say an agreement had been reached but provided few details at the time.
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Trudeau said the deal would "ensure financial sustainability of the project, while protecting people from major electricity increases." Sharp hikes to electricity bills for the island portion of the province, as a consequence of the overbudget and behind-schedule Muskrat Falls project, have loomed over the province for years.
The deal, fleshed out in a technical briefing after the announcement, involves a combination of new money and refinancing arrangements, and promises to reduce the province's cost of financing its Muskrat Falls debt.
Without such a deal, once Muskrat Falls is commissioned in the fall and power begins to fully flow to the grid, electricity ratepayers in Newfoundland and Labrador would be on the hook to pay for it. That would cause power rates to balloon for customers on the island, from 13 cents per kilowatt-hour to just under 23 cents.
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Under the new deal, rates will still rise to 14.7 cents, about a 10 per cent increase.
Government officials anticipate further rate increases of about 2.25 per cent a year.
Under the terms of the deal, Ottawa agrees to give annual cash transfers to Newfoundland and Labrador equal to what it makes from interest in the Hibernia offshore oil project. The federal government pegged that portion of the deal as worth $3.2 billion between now and the end of Hibernia's lifespan.
The agreement also includes $2 billion in federal financing, half of which comes in the form of a federal loan guarantee. The other $1 billion is billed as an investment in Newfoundland and Labrador's portion of the Labrador-Island Link, the transmission system that carries Muskrat Falls' power from central Labrador and distributes it across the island.
The federal government won't buy those transmission assets outright, with the money acting as a loan that must be repaid in 2042.
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The entire deal is not set in stone; as an agreement-in-principle, it needs to be officially commissioned — which government officials expect to happen in September — and have Parliament approve the Hibernia royalty change. Officials expect the deal to finalized by the end of 2021.
"Muskrat Falls has been the No. 1 issue facing Newfoundlanders and Labradorians now, for well over a decade," Furey said at Wednesday's announcement.
He said the deal "will finally get the muskrat off our back." Neither leader took questions from the media at the announcement, with Trudeau saying those would have to wait until another announcement later Wednesday afternoon.
The final cost for Muskrat Falls is expected to land at around $13 billion, a far cry from its initial $6.2-billion price tag in 2010.
As costs have soared, efforts to mitigate the taxpayer burden to pay for the project have occupied significant political time at the provincial and federal levels. Ottawa has increased its loan guarantees in the past, and at the end of 2020, deferred $844 million in provincial payments and appointed energy expert Serge Dupont as lead negotiator on the file.
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The project was billed as a clean energy project to supply Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and potentially beyond, but it has been dogged by complications since its inception.
It has been subject to a provincial inquiry that produced a scathing report about its management, and the Crown corporation created to oversee the project, Nalcor Energy, is in the midst of being dismantled as a cost-saving measure.
Innu Nation concerns
Wednesday's deal announcement was marked by a small protest outside of the legislature, as a handful of people stood voicing their opposition to any further hydroelectric development in Labrador.
Ahead of Wednesday's press conference, the Innu Nation outlined its concerns about Trudeau's visit to St. John's.
The Innu Nation agreed to the Muskrat Falls project at its inception but said in a media release it had not been informed ahead of time about what the announcement will be, and they're worried about its ramifications.
"The benefits promised to us in our agreement with Nalcor cannot be sacrificed," the statement said. © Mark Quinn/CBC Etienne Rich is the grand chief of the Innu Nation, which has an agreement with the provincial government to receive benefits from Muskrat Falls.
A land claims agreement between the Innu Nation and the federal and provincial governments is not yet finalized, and as federal election speculation ramps up, the nation said it wants a treaty resolution to become an election issue.
Such a treaty would include a right for Innu consent on future hydroelectric projects in Labrador, the press release said, a departure from the past Churchill Falls project which destroyed the traditional nomadic Innu way of life in the 1960s.
"Our land is not a commodity to be sold to solve N.L.'s economic crisis," the statement said.
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