Canada: War in North Kivu: the DR Congo accuses Rwanda of supporting the rebels of the M23

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Depuis la résurgence du M23, l'armée congolaise a renforcé ses effectifs pour contenir l'avancée des rebelles. © France 24 from the resurgence of the M23, the Congolese army has strengthened its workforce to contain the advance of the rebels.

against who fights the Congolese army in North Kivu? Since the resurgence, last November, of the M23, a predominantly armed group Tutsia however defeated in 2013, the observers wonder. The DR Congo accuses the Rwandan army of supporting the movement and of fighting alongside it on the Congolese soil. False, replies Kigali. The international community remains silent.

On this North Kivu hill, located 3 km from the front line, and 23 km from the border with Uganda, the M23 militiamen hold their positions. "We see them with their weapons, they have 12.7 machine guns," notes a Congolese soldier.

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For a month, the Congolese army has strengthened its workforce to contain the progress of the rebels. "The enemy we have in front of us has heavy weapons, mortars, machine gunners ... We too have weapons to defend our positions and prevent them from arriving so far," says Sangwa Muganza, adjutant -Chef of the armed forces of the RD Congo . "We have already managed to repel them twice."

Since The resurgence of the M23 , the Congolese army is surprised to see the militiamen as well armed and equipped. However, the group was defeated in 2013 and then demobilized. For the FARDC (Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo), no doubt: the M23 benefits from the support of neighboring countries, mainly from the Rwanda .

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>> Read: RD Congo - Rwanda: Why this renewed tension?

"A war by proxy"

"as we went into contact with the enemy, we realized that it was indeed the Rwandan army which supported this enemy and that the War that the M23 was led to us was only a war by proxy, "said Colonel Guillaume Ndjike, spokesperson for the Sukula 2.

operational sector ten years ago, Rwanda already supported M23 and had been publicly condemned by the UN. Today, the Congolese army also accuses Kigali of intervening directly on its soil and presents what it describes as evidence, like photos of drones showing soldiers advancing in column in the middle of the night, or weapons And equipment found on the battlefield.

At the end of May, two Rwandan soldiers were arrested in North Kivu before being released and handed over to Kigali. Neither the Rwanda ambassador to DR Congo, nor the Rwandan army spokesman wished to answer questions from France 24.

"Any accusation or counter-accusation of this nature can only be verified through of the joint mechanism of extended verification [of the international conference on the Great Lakes region] and not by declarations in the media, "said Brigadier General Ronald Rwinga, spokesperson for the Rwandan army, in a statement.

In their latest report, published in June, UN experts confirmed the presence of Rwandan soldiers in M23 camps in DR Congo, evoking air images and photographic evidence.

DRC: The M23 refutes the conclusions of the United Nations Report .
© AFP - Alexis Huguet This aerial photograph taken on April 1, 2022 shows Mount Sabyinyo, a lair of the armed group M23/Arc, which marks the border between the Republic Democratic of Congo, Uganda and Rwanda. The M23 refutes the conclusions of the UN report published Thursday, August 4, namely that the rebel movement received support from the Rwandan army on Congolese soil, from November to June. The details of Lawrence Kanyuka, spokesperson for the political branch of the armed group.

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