France and the U.K. are feuding over fish. What is this war of words really about?
Since the 2016 Brexit vote, there has been a dispute over the fishing rights of French trawlers in British coastal waters. And the rhetoric is becoming increasingly fierce, writes Don Murray.Well, it's a fish war.
© Christopher Furlong / Pool via AP Boris Johnson and Emmanuel Macron, with the Secretary-General of the UN António Guterres at COP26 in Glasgow , November 1, 2021.
After the dramatic shipwreck of a boat of migrants who made 27 deaths in the Channel Wednesday, November 24, 2021, France counted next Sunday in Calais the Europe Ministers - and British - concerned by the migratory question In the region. Mr. Macron wants to push his neighbors to solidarity. Mr. Johnson wrote to him.
France announced, this Thursday, November 25, the day after the worst human drama involving immigration candidates in the United Kingdom ever occurred in the English Channel, the mobilization of reservists to try to prevent new tragic disappearances at sea. But but She also claimed enhanced cooperation with her neighbors, starting with Great Britain, not to mention the Europeans.
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Because Emmanuel Macron retained the lesson of the "Fish War". France had then returned to the United Kingdom alone in the post-Brexit fishing issue. The head of state even criticized his ministers from having presented it as an arm of iron between Paris and London, while all Europe is concerned, explains Julien Chavanne , the RFI's political service.
In order not to make the same mistake, Paris therefore invites its Belgian neighbors, Dutch, British, as well as the European Commission, to Calais. Playing collective is essential for Mr. Macron, who spoke during his visit to Croatia. "France, in this case, is a transit country," he explained. We are fighting against these networks of smugglers, but we need to improve European cooperation. We need stronger European cooperation in this area. »
Two larger groups: migrants break border from Belarus to Poland
Multiple dozen migrants should have media reports succeeded in destroying fences and passing the border. © Photo: DPA / Leonid Shcheglov Two larger groups of migrants have broken the border from Belarus to Poland. Two major groups of migrants have risen on their hoped-for path to the EU Polish media broken the border from Belarus to Poland.
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The calendar is favorable for Paris. On 8 December, the European Commission will present its reform of the Schengen area, a file pushed by the Elysee, a few weeks of the French Presidency of the Union. Emmanuel Macron wants more controls, up to the very interior of member countries. And that the file is transmitted directly to governments. Empower Member States and force them to get involved in the management of migrants, in short.
France actually wants a more effective Schengen space against illegal migrants, summarizes our correspondent in Brussels, Pierre Benazet . The officially formulated demand by Paris is to be able to carry out border controls largely beyond national borders, a bit on the flying customs model. This will be one of the topics of discussion in Calais.
nevertheless arises the question of the compatibility of this reintroduction of border controls with existing European law - while the proposal is actually already under study. The European Commission will therefore make proposals to reform the border code of Schengen itself. It will be between the 9th and 10th of December, at the Council of European Ministers of Justice and the Interior.
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► Read: shipwreck off Calais, a new stone in the Franco-British garden
France is, again, to the first lodges. With five other countries including Germany or Austria, it has been part of those who have maintained the controls - reintroduced as exceptionally - at the time of the migration crisis. These controls can only be reintroduced for six months, and their renewal must be justified each time.
The essential justification of the countries favorable to the possibility of easily reintroducing border controls is to be able to guarantee the security of their territory, an argument that seems to be heard by the EU. The functioning of Schengen is based on a high level of safety in the EU, and there are also a major chapter on police cooperation on the Commission.
There is also a legal point of view, that of the Advocate General of the Union Court of Justice, which considers that the fact of imposing a limitation to the duration of the controls would be incompatible with the need to ensure Security. This proposal is still under construction, because since the Belarusian crisis, the instrumentalization of migrants is also part of the file.
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