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Offbeat: In China, a historically low birth rate in 2021

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La Chine a assoupli sa politique de limitation des naissances ces dernières années. © STR / AFP China has relaxed its birth limitation policy in recent years.

with 7.52 births per 1,000 people in 2021, China recorded its lowest birth rate since 1978.

The birth rate in China has fallen last year at a historically low level, since at least 1978, According to official data published on Monday, on the background of uncertainties against the future and cost of education.

The Asian country faces a demographic crisis with rapid aging of the labor force, an economic slowdown and the lowest demographic growth of the country for decades.

The birth rate of the world's most populous country was 7.52 births for 1,000 people in 2021, according to the National Statistics Office (SNB). It was 8.52 per thousand in 2020.

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Birth limitation policy relaxed

This is the lowest level for at least 1978, when the Asian giant began published its annual statistics statement.

China has relaxed its birth limitation policy in recent years. She authorized couples to have two children in 2016, then three since last year.

But these decisions did not result in birth boom. Couples are cooled by rising cost of living, housing and especially children's education.

EN 2021, the country recorded 10.62 million births, according to official data.

The natural growth rate of the population plunged 0.34 per 1,000 people last year, compared with 1.45 in 2000.

"The demographic challenge is well known, but the speed of aging of the population is Clearly faster than expected, "said Zhiwei Zhang, Chief Economist within the Pinpoint Asset Management cabinet.

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