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Weekend Reads: Brazil last year complicated mandate Bolsonaro

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Le président brésilien Jair Bolsonaro et le docteur Antonio Luiz Macedo lors d'une conférence de presse à hôpital Vila Nova Star de Sao Paulo le 5 janvier 2022. © NELSON ALMEIDA Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and Dr. Antonio Luiz Macedo at a hospital news conference Vila Nova Star Sao Paulo 5 January 2022. The President

Brazilian Jair Bolsonaro started in the hospital last year in office, which will be difficult, with, in addition to health problems, popularity at its lowest, a resumption of Covid-19 and a feeble economy.

At nine months of the presidential election, former army captain to 66 years could finally find his palace in Brasilia on Wednesday after two days of hospitalization for a new intestinal alert sequel of an attack with weapons white in 2018.

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IMAGES Le président brésilien Jair Bolsonaro tient une conférence de presse à l'hôpital Vila Nova Star de Sao Paulo après avoir été autorisé à quitter l'établissement suite à un traitement pour une occlusion intestinale. © Florence GOISNARD IMAGES the Brazilian Jair Bolsonaro President holds a press conference at the hospital in Vila Nova Star Sao Paulo after being allowed to leave the facility following treatment for an intestinal blockage.

Achieved a partial obstruction of the bowel, he had to cut short his holidays by the sea in the state of Santa Catarina (South) to be urgently admitted on Monday at dawn in hospital Star Vila Sao Paulo.

The head of state has recovered without needing to be operated on and was keen to show he was in good form, joking about medical recommendations to a strict diet and exercise.

"Life goes on. I'll try to follow the doctor's recommendations and my wife, who looks at me through (...) I can not control myself," he said, wearing a football shirt before leaving the hospital, ensuring that he would keep all its commitments under the coming weeks.

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But the surgeon Antonio Luiz Macedo, who operated several times since the attack, recalled in an interview with O Globo newspaper that "the risk of a new obstruction" was " significant "if it did not follow its recommendations.

According to him, the patient ended up in the hospital Monday because of "a shrimp swallowed without being chewed" Sunday.

Stabbed by an individual apparently unbalanced in its presidential campaign in September 2018, Jair Bolsonaro had passed close to death. Since then he has undergone four major operations in the abdomen and the aftermath of this attack marred his tenure.

- "Tired and angry" -

But health problems are far from being the only president of the extreme right, which has run for re-election in October.

The polls give victory to former leftist president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva against Bolsonaro, target of several investigations including false information and over 140 removal requests.

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Many Brazilians accuse it of denial about the disaster Covid-19, has qualified it of "grippette" but which left nearly 620,000 deaths in the country, the second worst record in the world after the States United.

The number of infections is rising again, partly because of the Christmas and New Year and the progress of the Omicron variant.

The economic situation is also worrying: the purchasing power of Brazilians has been heavily trimmed by runaway inflation, rose by 3.75% year on year in January 2019, with the coming to power of Jair Bolsonaro, 10 74% in November.

"I do not know what could save Jair Bolsonaro", told AFP Brian Winter, a specialist in Latin America and editor-in-chief of the journal Americas Quarterly.

"It's hard to imagine what could happen on the economic front to convince voters to give him another term. The Brazilians are tired and angry," he says.

- Head Bet -

"He failed to revive the economy, nor to fight corruption", yet one of his main campaign promises, for its part considers Oliver Stuenkel, International Relation Specialist at Getulio Vargas Foundation.

attempt to regain popularity, President Bolsonaro put on a new social program for poor: Auxilio Brasil.

The government plans to pay 20 million people at least 400 reais (about 62 euros) per month, 20% more than the Bolsa Familia program created under the presidency of Lula (2003-2010).

"It seems that this will not be enough to get the support of the popular classes. Much of this increase will be eroded by inflation," said Brian Winter.

The extreme-right president should however not be underestimated. Some experts fear that even follow in the footsteps of former US president Donald Trump, one of his models, with the risk of disorders such as invasion Capitol in Washington in case of defeat.

"Bolsonaro managed to build a loyal base of radical supporters," said Oliver Stuenkel.

jhb-lg / pt / jg

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