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Sport: UN experts warn against the negative effects of the Mayan train in Mexico

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Archive - Travaux de construction du Train Maya au Mexique - EL UNIVERSAL / ZUMA PRESS / CONTACTOPHOTO provided by News 360 Archive - MAYA Train Construction Works in Mexico - El Universal / Zuma Press / Contactophoto

of Nations Experts United expressed their concern on Wednesday as to the macro-project of the Maya train, 1,500 kilometers of railways in the Mexican Yucatan peninsula, due to the collateral effects it could have on the environment, on the native populations and on 'Use of natural resources.

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador is one of the main supporters of this project, but experts believe that the government should adopt "additional measures" ultimately guaranteeing respect for human rights and the environment.

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They warn against threats and attacks which are subject to those who dispute this initiative, as well as against access limited to independent and impartial justice, in a particularly problematic context because it is a project raised to the rank of national security.

This change of status makes it possible to derogate from certain guarantees, but for experts, he cannot escape Mexico from his "obligation" to "respect, protect and achieve human rights of people affected by this megaprojet and Protect the environment in accordance with international standards ".

This decision, have they warned, "risk not only allowing human rights violations not dealt with, but also to compromise the objective of the project, which is to provide inclusive and sustainable social and economic development to Five Mexican states concerned ".

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The president of the United Nations Working Group on Enterprises and Human Rights, Fernanda Hopenhaym, also declared himself "seriously concerned" by "the growing involvement of soldiers in the construction and management of the project" , which has been controversial since its design.

Among the requests made by these rapporteurs appears the need for significant participation in affected communities, as well as the need for any evaluation of the potential impacts of the Mayan train is developed and published clearly.

"The free, prerequisite and enlightened consent of indigenous peoples must be respected and the real and potential cumulative impacts of projects must be evaluated transparently, in accordance with international standards in matters of human rights and environment", stress the petitioners.

Message to companies The message of the rapporteurs also extends to the involvement of companies, which they urge to take into account all the implications of a project cost some $ 20 billion.

They believe that "the companies and investors concerned domiciled in Spain, the United States and China cannot look at the serious human rights problems linked to the Tren Maya project".

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