UK News: Nobel Prize for medicine goes to Swedish scientist for research on evolution

Françoise Nyssen will pass the hand at the head of the publishing house Actes Sud

 Françoise Nyssen will pass the hand at the head of the publishing house Actes Sud © Xavier Loety/AFP The former Minister of Culture Françoise Nyssen here in September 2018. The former Minister of Culture will leave , by the end of the year, his post at the head of the edition house founded by his father. The Directory of Actes Sud will be directed from January 1 by Anne-Sylvie Bameule, the daughter of her husband. Françoise Nyssen, daughter of the founder of Actes Sud Hubert Nyssen editions, will cede her post as president of the publishing house at the end of the year.

This year’s Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine has been awarded to Swedish scientist Svante Paabo for his discoveries on human evolution.

Mr Paabo, 67, has spearheaded research comparing the genome of modern humans with our closest extinct relatives, the Neanderthals and Denisovans, showing that there was mixing between the species.

The Nobel panel said his research provides key insights into our immune system and what makes us unique compared with our extinct cousins.

Thomas Perlmann, secretary of the Nobel Committee, announced the winner on Monday at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.

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Mr Paabo has spearheaded the development of new techniques that allowed researchers to compare the genome of modern humans with the other hominins.

While Neanderthal bones were first discovered in the mid-19th century, only by unlocking their DNA have scientists been able to fully understand the links between the species.

This included the time when modern humans and Neanderthals diverged as a species, determined to be around 800,000 years ago, said Anna Wedell, chair of the Nobel Committee.

He researches in Germany: Medical Nobel Prize goes to the Swedes Svante Pääbo

 He researches in Germany: Medical Nobel Prize goes to the Swedes Svante Pääbo © Picture Alliance/dpa | Christian Charisius The Swedish researcher Svante Pääbo is the winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. The Swedish researcher Svante Pääbo is the winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. The Nobel Prize for Medicine is going to the Svante Pääbo researching Sweden in Leipzig this year for its findings on human evolution. This was announced by the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm on Monday.

Mr Paabo received the accolade over his discoveries on human evolution (Frank Vinken for Max-Planck-Gesellschaft via AP) © Provided by PA Media Mr Paabo received the accolade over his discoveries on human evolution (Frank Vinken for Max-Planck-Gesellschaft via AP)

“Paabo and his team also surprisingly found that gene flow had occurred from Neanderthals to Homo sapiens, demonstrating that they had children together during periods of co-existence,” she said.

This transfer of genes between hominin species affects how the immune system of modern humans reacts to infections, such as the coronavirus. About 1-2% of people outside Africa have Neanderthal genes.

Mr Paabo carried out his prize-winning studies in Germany at the University of Munich and at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig. He is the son of Sune Bergstrom, who won the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1982.

The medicine prize kicks off a week of Nobel Prize announcements.

It continues on Tuesday with the physics prize, with chemistry on Wednesday and literature on Thursday. The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday and the economics award will follow on October 10.

The prizes carry a cash award of 10 million Swedish kronor (around £800,000) and will be handed out on December 10.

The money comes from a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.

Annie Ernaux and other personalities call to demonstrate on October 16 against the expensive life .
© Julien de Rosa / AFP Annie Ernaux, on October 6 in Paris. About sixty personalities, including the Nobel Prize in literature Annie Ernaux, published a platform in which they call to participate in the march against the expensive life of October 16.

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