US News: Libya. The former headquarters of Kadhafi has become a Giant squat in Tripoli

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Le QG de Mouammar Kadhafi, bombardé en 2011 par l’Otan, ici en ruine en 2012. © Gianluigi GUERCIA / AFP The HQ in Muammar Gaddafi, bombed in 2011 by NATO, here in ruin in 2012.

It has become the symbol of The housing crisis. The former QG of the Dictator Libyan, in ruins, is squatted by dozens of families. They risk expulsion.

fallen into ruin after the fall of the Muammar Gaddafi regime in 2011, the old headquarters of the Dictator Libyan is squatted by dozens of families, becoming the symbol of the housing crisis which affects Tripoli.

surmounted by water tanks and parabolic antennas, the thick metal fence that protects Bab Al-Aziziya, the former fortified complex of Gaddafi, seems endless. In front of the front door, cars come and go while inside, young Libyans tap in a balloon.

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shaved by NATO bombing in 2011 and then vandalized by the rebels, the former HQ is largely ruined, but a whole area of ​​the enclosure has been transformed into a real residential area by families then without housing.

They live in dozens of nagura houses occupied by soldiers as well as villas of old gradés, sometimes building garages and other buildings rudimentary.

In all, hundreds of Libyans came to live after the revolution in this zone previously reserved for the military, tells Bachir, 68 years old. Himself lives since 2012 in a house of 400 m2 that he has restored.

I do not complain, "he said, pulling his cigarette, a beret screwed on his head. But it cost me expensive. The house had burned, it took me a year to renovate it, he adds.

"I will not leave"

former personal residence of Kadhafi and QG of the Ancien Régime, the enclosure erected in the early 1980s and reinforced after the 1986 American bombardment extends over 6 km. Located in the southwest suburbs of Tripoli, it included a zoo, a swimming pool, a barracks and even tents, Kadhafi having always ensured the Bedouin way of life.

The fortress also included tunnels that allowed the colonel to move discreetly through Tripoli.

After the fall of the regime, the transition authorities thought of converting into a green zone, in the amusement park or in monument to the memory of the martyrs, but the political chaos that followed went to any project.

The families who have settled there live under the threat of an expulsion while in Tripoli, the excavators shave the anarchic constructions that flowed over the years.

According to information obtained by the AFP, the authorities are now considering transforming the former HQ in place of walking.

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I will not leave, Hassan Storm, whose first name was changed to his request and spent the equivalent of € 27,000 to renovate his house.

It was in a lamentable state, without doors or windows, remembers the quadmennaire that settled there when Kadhafi was alive, shortly before his capture.

Ten years after the deadly hunting of the dictator in his fief of Syrt (North Center) in October 2011, the political situation of the country remains unstable, after years of violence and clashes between enemy factions.

The daily life of Libyans remains marked by significant shortages of liquidity, gasoline, electricity, to which a housing crisis is added. With a minimum wage that varies between 450 and 600 dinars (75 to 100 €) for civil servants and a banking sector, it is very difficult to get a home loan.

The housing is rare, the shops at the stop and the prices have flamed, summarizes Bachir.

Before the revolution, staying was possible, there were fewer people (in Tripoli, N.D.L.R.). Today, a small apartment costs around 400,000 dinars (€ 75,000). Where to find this money?, He launches.

"Decent housing"

The security situation has pushed foreign construction companies from, leaving in construction for some 200,000 homes, explains the economist Kamal Al Mansouri.

With the population growth coupled with pressure on large cities because of the movement due to fighting, it has become difficult to find decent housing, he says.

The clashes around the capital and the bloody violence in the East put under pressure Tripoli, which saw flocked tens of thousands of families affected by the war.

The prices of rents have more than doubled in ten years, finds a real estate agent in Tripoli.

recently installed to carry out the transition from the holding of parliamentary elections in December, the new government has made the improvement of the daily life and the reconstruction of the country its priority.

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