US News: Hong Kong: The national security law used retroactively by the

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Manifestation contre la loi sur la sécurité nationale à Hong Kong. C'était le 1er juillet 2020 (Photo d'illustration). © Dale de la Rey / AFP manifestation against the National Security Act in Hong Kong. It was July 1st, 2020 (picture of illustration).

Several recent court decisions in Hong Kong give latitude to the authorities to use the provisions of the National Security Act for facts prior to the adoption of it in the summer of 2020.

despite the promises of Beijing and The local executive on non-retroactivity of the law, several recent police investigations have shown that they focused on events prior to the adoption of the National Security Act. A situation that worries civil society.

These recent surveys have disconsened pro-democracy activists across the Chinese Special Administrative Region, some of them fearing to be prosecuted for actions they thought of the lawful times. For these activists, there is no doubt, these facts illustrate a desire to crush dissent.

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This is the case of Ray Wong, pro-democracy activist, the first Hong Kong to have obtained political asylum In Europe. "I would say that my personal case is evident evidence of retroactive use of the National Security Act. For me, as a militant, it is undeniable that Beijing's eagerness to apply this law in Hong Kong aimed to suppress the pro-democracy movement, "he explains from Germany to Jelena Tomic RFI.

He also believes that " since the adoption of Law , practically all civil society has been destroyed". "Just over the last three months, more than 40 civil society organizations have been dissolved. Almost all Hong Kong's most important activists, political leaders and pro-democracy media representatives have been arrested either imprisoned. We are the witnesses of the total collapse of one of the world's most free cities, "he says.

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Genuine scope of the National Security Act

Several groups, including Civil Human Rights Front (CHRP) which was at the origin of vast protest protests in 2019, are investigated for facts prior to the law. national security, according to statements of police frameworks and pro-Beijing press information.

In the eyes of legal experts and lawyers, the situation highlights the true scope of the national security law - including how it gives the taste of the laws dating from the British colonial era affecting security national. They are worried about seeing, in paragraphs recent court decisions, what they consider as a free field given to the authorities to investigate the facts of the past.

A Hong Kong Court of Appeal has written in a last February judgment that the reference made in the National Security Act to "acts endangering national security" included infringements of previous laws. In April, a District Court further noted that the acts of sedition were considered by the National Security Act as a more dangerous crime than in the past, suggesting the lifting of the six-month limitation period.

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