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US News: The former South Korean dictator Chun Doo-Hwan, "Boucher du Gwangju", died

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Chun Doo-Hwan, former South Korean dictator, died on Tuesday at 90.

  L'ex-dictateur sud-coréen Chun Doo-hwan, «Boucher du Gwangju», est mort © Reuters / File Photo

The former South Korean dictator Chun Doo-Hwan, died on Tuesday at 90, has led the country of an iron hand between 1980 and 1988 until mass protests the Breatening to resign, and remained one of the most hated personalities in South Korea. Chun Doo-Hwan is nicknamed the "Butcher of Gwangju" for ordaining the bloody repression of an uprising against his plan in this southwestern city of the country, in 1980. The official balance sheet is 200 dead, but some organizations affirm. that this number could be three times higher.

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Its military regime also oversaw the strong economic growth of South Korea and obtained that Seoul organizes the Olympic Games in 1988. He was sentenced to death for TRAHISON in 1996, particularly for the repression of Gwangju, but his execution was commuted on appeal, and it was released following a presidential grace. Born in 1931, Chun Doo-Hwan enters the Military Academy to follow a training of officer to the strongest of the Korean War.

it climbed the levels under the orders of the Military Park Chung-Hee, its protector, who takes power at a coup in 1961. When Park Chung-Hee is murdered in 1979, Chun Doo-Hwan takes control From the investigation of this murder before launching two months later his own military coup, thus taking control of South Korea.

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Urising of Gwangju

For a few months, thousands of inhabitants and students descend into the streets of Gwangju against the power of Chun Doo-Hwan, who declares the martial law and represses the manifestations in a blood bath. This dark episode, which has become the symbol of the struggle for democracy in South Korea, is denounced by Chun Doo-Hwan and personalities of extreme right as a "riot", fomented by sympathizers of North Korea.

leading the country of an iron hand between 1980 and 1988, its reign is marked by the widespread use of torture against dissidents and the repression of freedom of expression. During a visit to Burma in 1983, North Korean agents tried to kill him by blowing a bomb during a ceremony in memory of Aung San, hero of Burmese independence assassinated and father of Aung San Suu Kyi. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and the main economic advisor of Chun Doo-Hwan died in the explosion but the latter recovered; Delayed by traffic, it was not present at the ceremony.

Resignation

In 1987, massive manifestations against its regime force it to accept the restoration of democracy. He retired the following year after his long-standing alloy Roh Tae-Woo won the elections. He is then the first South Korean leader to convey the power peacefully. After the election of the head of the opposition Kim Young-Sam as president in 1993, Chun Doo-Hwan is accused of betrayal and corruption.

During his trial, he submits that the case was "politically motivated" and defends his coup d'etat and mandate. "I did my best to save the country as it faced an imminent danger," he says. Chun Doo-Hwan denied any direct involvement in the repression of the Gwangju uprising.

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