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US News: What the new Joint Agricultural Policy voted in the European Parliament

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MEPs adopted, on Tuesday, three texts aimed at "Verdir" agricultural policy of the twenty-seven EU member countries. A CAP below environmental issues, denounced environmentalists.

Plus d'un millier de tracteurs devant le Parlement européen à Strasbourg le 30 avril 2021 afin de peser sur les négociations de la future Politique agricole commune (PAC) © AFP.com/Frederick Florin More than a thousand tractors in the European Parliament in Strasbourg on April 30, 2021 In order to weigh on the negotiations of the future common agricultural policy (CAP)

a green light of the European Parliament for more environmental practices. Gathered in Strasbourg for a plenary session, the members of the twenty-seven European Union member countries adopted, at a large majority, three texts defining the contours of the new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The Greens / Ale Group, the radical left (GUE / NGL) as well as part of the elected representatives of the Progressive Alliance of the Socialists and Democrats have, on their side voted against these three texts. The Conservatives of the European People's Party (EPP) as well as the Liberals of the RENEW Group have voted for.

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with an envelope of 387 billion euros, the new CAP will apply from January 2023. Nearly 270 billion are devoted to direct aid to farmers, whose French people remain the main beneficiaries. "We have made sure that this CAP is more sustainable, more transparent and predictable," rejoiced in the Parliament's Hemicycle German Peter Jahr (EPP). The texts must allow "to ensure a transition to more sustainable agriculture", according to the European Commissioner for Agriculture, Polish Janusz Wojciechowski.

"A gift for agrobusiness!"

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The main aspect of this reform concerns the packaging of aids paid according to the respect of environmental principles. Farmers improving animal welfare or greener techniques will receive premiums. While currently about 30% of these envelopes are governed by this principle, the new CAP plans to increase this percentage of 78% on average.

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in parallel, each Member State will have to prepare, by the end of the year, a "strategic plan", which will detail the use that he intends to make European funds. Brussels will then evaluate the compliance of this plan with the greenhouse gas reduction targets and the 50% decline in pesticides by 2030. States will have to spend on average 25% per year of direct payments to these " Ecoregimalies "defined in their strategic plan, between 2023 and 2027." This is a first, "said MEP Peter Jahr.

remains that this check carried out by Brussels will not be binding. One point that did not fail to denounce ecologists. Critics as for the general content of the texts have been numerous. "This vote is a bad news for the climate, for biodiversity, and for farmers, for example, responded to the Belgian European member Saskia Bricmont. It's a gift for agrobusiness!" "We bury organic agriculture, condemned by this PAC that supports an agro-industrial, harmful model for the environment, farmers and animals", also written on Social Networks Manon Aubry, a MEP of France unsuitable.

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"Structural Changes"

Among the other measures included in this new CAP, there is a "crisis reserve", amounting to at least 450 million euros and intended for periods of price instability. States will also need to use at least 3% of the budget in support of young farmers. Another point: at least 10% of direct payments will have to be for small and medium-sized farms.

The deputies of Renew Europe, on their side, greeted a "good reform", as Pascal Canfin pointed out. She "will clearly introduce structural changes in the way the agricultural policy is conducted, while being practicable everyday by farmers," he added. "With a budget maintained, this CAP resumes several of the environmental objectives we have been defending since 2019 and worn by France," Fabienne Keller was also expressed. After the green light of the deputies on Tuesday, this new CAP still must receive the approval of the Member States.

EU achieves agreement with data law .
The rapidly rising amounts of data from companies and authorities should be able to better use the benefit of business and society in the future. © Valeria Mondelli / Zuma Press Wire / DPA EU Commission President Margrethe Vestager. Representatives of the Council of the Member States agreed on Tuesday evening with a negotiating team of the European Parliament on a common position on the so-called data governance law, as confirmed by both sides in Brussels.

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