US News: What is OTSC, the military alliance that allows Russia to intervene in Kazakhstan?

Kazakhstan: a return to calm relative to Almaty after days of violence

 Kazakhstan: a return to calm relative to Almaty after days of violence © Reuters, Stringer A man walking in the streets of Almaty in Kazakhstan, on January 7, 2022. After two days of violence, a relative calm is Income in Kazakhstan shaken by a challenge. The former President Kazakh Noursoultan Nazarbayev called the public to support the government to deal with this crisis. Since the beginning of the year, Kazakhstan faces, on its territory, to a large-scale sling triggered by an increase in the price of gas and which has led to a violent repression.

Des parachutistes russes embarquent pour le Kazakhstan sur une base militaire près de Moscou, le 6 janvier 2022. © Via Reuters - Collective Security Treaty Organ Russian paratroopers board for Kazakhstan on a military base near Moscow, January 6, 2022.

Since Thursday, Russian troops are hurried to Kazakhstan at the request of the Government of Kazakhstan. Framework of the OTSC Defense Mechanism, the Organization of the Collective Safety Treaty, a kind of "mini-NATO" under Russian influence. Explanations.

to cope with the riots and manifestations that shake the Kazakhstan since the beginning of the week, a contingent of Russian troops (including paratroopers) and other allied countries of Moscow arrived Thursday in the country and support The power in place by protecting the strategic buildings and shoulder the police.

Kazakhstan-of "strategic sites" are under control after the violence

 Kazakhstan-of Kazakhstan-events / (photo): Kazakhstan-of "strategic sites" are under control after the violence Almaty, January 9 (Reuters) - a number of "Strategic Sites" in Kazakhstan are under the control of the Military Alliance led by Russia to restore the Order, said Sunday the Office of the Presidency, while the country is confronted with the worst violence since its accession to the Independence Thirty years ago.

Your Browser Does Not Support This Video The OTSC President, Prime Minister Armenian Nikol Pachinian, said

Facebook that the Alliance had decided to send "a collective peacekeeping force" For "a limited time duration to stabilize and normalize the situation in this country", which has been caused by "external interference". A minimalist version of the late Warsaw Pact

This intervention is part of the organization of the collective security treaty (

OTSC ), which includes around Russia five former Soviet republics remained in its "pre-square) ": Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.

Founded in 2002, a few months after the beginning of the international intervention in Afghanistan, this military alliance has endowed in 2019 with a rapid force of intervention of 20,000 men and a peacekeeping force of the peace. 3,600 members recognized by the UN. The Eurasian organization has Tajikistan-based troops and Kyrgyzstan.

The Russian troops deployed to Kazakhstan for a "limited period", ensures Vladimir Putin

 The Russian troops deployed to Kazakhstan for a of the Russian troops of "peacekeeping" were sent last week in Kazakhstan, prey to riots. View on Euronews © Alexei Nikolsky / Sputnik President Putin during a videoconferencing of the organization of the collective security treaty (January 10, 2021) The flags were placed in Bern in Kazakhstan on Monday, declared day of mourning national By power after the riots that have made dozens of deaths and more than a thousand wounded, the exact number of victims remaining blurred.

thought like "a counterweight form of the

Russia against the Atlantic Alliance", where Moscow and its modern army have a strong military ascendant on their allies, the OTSC is the "guarantee of stability in Central Asia "observes David teurrie . "The organization depends on the capacity of the Russian army to project", continues this specialist researcher from Eurasia. of Belarus to Armenia, the defense of the Russian influence zone

The members of the OTSC are not confronted with the same problems. The states of Central Asia, close to Afghanistan, "face the threats of destabilization" coming from this country, explains David teurrie.

Belarus is, more concerned by NATO, present at its borders - Lithuania, Latvia and Poland has joined the Atlantic Alliance. Armenia, on the other hand, is looking for the support of the organization in its conflict with Azerbaijan.

In Kazakhstan, the intervention of the OTSC, at the request of the local authorities, allows Russia to stabilize a border country without appearing directly, remark stone ausor. "Send soldiers through the OTSC is a way to stay a little masked, to give the image of an intervention from all the countries of the Caucasus, and not just Russia," says the Director General of the Mediterranean Foundation strategic studies (FMES). The ex-military, however, fears "burrs" to come and emphasizes that "the military is never indicated for diking".

with AFP

son-in-law from Kazakhstan's Ex-President as a chief of entrepreneurial chamber .
Around two weeks after the violent protests in Kazakhstan, another son-in-law of the Kazakh Ex-President Nursultan Nazarbajev resigned from a senior economic item. The 55-year Timur Kulibajev declared his resignation on Monday as Chairman of the Bureau of the National Entrepreneur Chamber Atameken. Kulibajev is married to Dinara Kulibajewa, the middle daughter of Kazakhstan's former head of state. He is considered one of the richest men Kazakhstan.

See also