US News: What is the scope of the peace agreement signed in Bissau between Dakar and the southern front of the MFDC?

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Le président de la Guinée-Bissau et président en exercice de la Cédéao, Umaro Sissoco Embaló, a parrainé un accord de cessez-le-feu entre le gouvernement du Sénégal et le Front Sud du Mouvement des forces démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC), à Bissau, le 5 août 2022. © PRESIDENCIA DA República de Guiné-Bissau The president of Guinea-Bissau and President in office of the Cédéao, Umaro Sissoco Packó, sponsored a cease-fire agreement between the government of Senegal and the southern front of the southern front Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC), in Bissau, August 5, 2022.

Senegal signed in Bissau on Thursday August 4 a peace agreement with rebels of Casamance under the aegis of the president of Guinea-Bissau, Umaro Sissoco Packó, also president of the Economic Community of West African States (Cédéao). They made a commitment to lay down the arms and work for the final return of peace to this region. Casamance is the scene of one of the oldest African active African rebellions.

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With our correspondent in Bissau, Allen Yero Packo

for Senegal, it was Admiral Farba Sarr who initialed the document. On the independence side, César Atoute Badiate Commander of the South Front and Lansana Fabouré of the Provisional Committee of MFDC Political and Combatants.

The document entitled "Arms Deposit Agreement" remains confidentially, because discussions must continue with other factions of the movement.

By signing the agreement, the rebels have undertaken to lay down their arms and work for the final return of peace to this southern region of Senegal. Its application will go through the identification and census of combatants and their chiefs, under the supervision of Guinea-Bissau, from October 1, 2022.

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Video: Emmanuel Macron in Guinea-Bissau: "It is A historical step in our relationship "(France 24)

for President Packó who presided over the ceremony, a page in history has just been turned. Guinea-Bissau will be the guaranteeing part and must be involved in the effective application of the agreement.

The Senegalese authorities have assured that all the conditions will be created to ensure the implementation of this agreement. But the north front, a hard wing of the movement led by Salif Sadio, does not feel concerned. In this case, can peace be done without this faction, considered the most radical of the independence movement?

The rebel leader has disappeared from radars since the outbreak of a major offensive in the Senegalese army last March against his bases near the Gambian border. However, according to a source close to the file, behind -the -scenes negotiations are underway to take the dissidents of his faction to rally the peace process.

For several observers, the Bissau agreements constitute an important step in the peace process, of course, but the most important thing remains to come, that of the recovery of weapons and ammunition.

The Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC) has been conducted with a low intensity conflict in the South Senegal region since 1982. A conflict that caused several thousand dead and displaced persons.

The point on rebellion groups in Senegal

for researcher Jean-Claude Marut, specialist in this conflict, one cannot really speak of a peace agreement, or even a cease-fire. He believes that this "rather resembles a surrender of one of the main components of the rebellion, in this case the main armed component south of Casamance".

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