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US News: Hawaii mobilizes national guards against the eruption of Mauna Loa

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L'éruption et la coulée de lave du Mauna Loa, sur l'île américaine d'Hawaï dans le Pacifique, le 2 décembre 2022 © Ronit Fahl The eruption and the lava flow of the Mauna Loa, on the American island of Hawaii in the Pacific, on December 2, 2022

Hawaii authorities have mobilized national guards to manage the consequences of the eruption of Mauna Loa, the largest active volcano in the world, including a lava flow slowly threatens a road axis.

Twenty reservists of the US National State Guard of the Pacific were activated "to help the county of Hawaii to the management of road traffic and to other tasks linked to the eruption of Mauna Loa", tweeted Monday The island’s emergency management agency.

Enrupted on November 27, the volcano of the largest island in the archipelago continues to spit lava on its northern slope, without posing danger for the dwellings for the moment.

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But the authorities are concerned about the most active lava flow, which advances at the rate of some 6 meters per hour towards an important road, the "Saddle Road", whose possible cut would force the inhabitants to Long detours.

The lava front is now located 3.5 kilometers from the road, featured on Monday the Bulletin of the American Institute of Geophysics (USGS), but the conditions "make it difficult to estimate if and when the lava flow will touch" the road.

The USGS also specifies that sulfur dioxide emissions are rather down but remain large enough "to have a moderate to significant impact on air quality at the regional level", depending on the wind in particular.

The Mauna Loa, so wide that it covers half of the island of Hawaii, had not erupted since 1984. He then vomited lava for 22 days, producing lava flows that failed Only seven kilometers from the city of Hilo, located northeast of the volcano.

With a summit culminating at 4,169 meters, it is one of the six active volcanoes of the Hawaii archipelago and has experienced 33 eruptions since 1843. The main island of the archipelago also houses a slightly higher volcano, the Mauna Kea - 4.207 meters above sea level.

Just south-east of Mauna Loa, the Kilauea volcano is experiencing a very sustained activity, with almost uninterrupted eruptions between 1983 and 2019. Its latest, minor, has been underway for several months.


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