How to Grow Your Own Food: A Beginner’s Guide
Everything you need to know about growing your own food at home, whether you have a large backyard or a small balcony The post How to Grow Your Own Food: A Beginner’s Guide appeared first on Reader's Digest.Think of it this way: When you buy fruits and vegetables from the supermarket, you're supporting a production chain that involves transporting produce from one side of the world to the other—and creating greenhouse gas emissions in the process. But just as you can eat sustainable fish and seafood to live a more eco-friendly lifestyle, you can learn how to grow sustainable food too.
© (photo credit: FLICKR) Dog illustrative
Recent advancements in the fields of machine learning and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to decipher visual stimuli in the human brain and nonhuman brains. However, this research, which provides new understandings of the nature of visual perception, has not yet been meaningfully applied to non-primates. That is, until a recent study out of Emory University published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Visualized Experiments used the tech on dogs.
"We showed that we can monitor the activity in a dog's brain while it is watching a video and, to at least a limited degree, reconstruct what it is looking at," says Gregory Berns, Emory professor of psychology and corresponding author of the paper. "The fact that we are able to do that is remarkable."
Allbirds just brought back 'Smallbirds,' its line of shoes for kids, and they're so cute it hurts
Allbirds line of Smallbirds, tiny shoes for tiny feet, are officially back and here to stay. They come in the brand's classic Runner and Lounger styles.Prices are accurate at the time of publication.
Canines present a unique opportunity to study a species evolutionarily distant from primates. Dogs, by virtue of their domestication and co-evolution with humans over the last 15,000 years, receive a lot of the same visual stimuli that humans do on a daily basis - including screens which are the preferred method of showing visual stimuli during an fMRI. However, they process the information differently.
"We humans are very object oriented. There are 10 times as many nouns as there are verbs in the English language because we have a particular obsession with naming objects. Dogs appear to be less concerned with who or what they are seeing and more concerned with the action itself."Gregory Berns
What can dogs show us about visual perception? © Provided by The Jerusalem Post Small dog rests in an apartment in Tel Aviv. (credit: LOUIS FISHER/FLASH90)
"While our work is based on just two dogs it offers proof of concept that these methods work on canines," says Erin Phillips, first author of the paper, who did the work as a research specialist in Berns' Canine Cognitive Neuroscience Lab. "I hope this paper helps pave the way for other researchers to apply these methods on dogs, as well as on other species, so we can get more data and bigger insights into how the minds of different animals work."
The 8 Best White Noise Machines for Bedrooms and Home Offices
The HoMedics SoundSpa is our top choice because it’s simple, affordable, and easy to use.White noise machines are an effective way to block out distracting sounds, which makes them a great choice for people who struggle to fall asleep. They can also ensure you stay asleep throughout the night and wake up feeling more refreshed.
Previous fMRI studies showed that dogs have face and object-processing regions in their brains that are architecturally similar to those in primates - although it is unclear how detailed their discernment is (e.g. when perceiving a head, determining if it is a dog head or human head by visuals alone).
"We humans are very object oriented," Berns says. "There are 10 times as many nouns as there are verbs in the English language because we have a particular obsession with naming objects. Dogs appear to be less concerned with who or what they are seeing and more concerned with the action itself."
Methods and conclusions
Study participants were shown a series of naturalistic videos while undergoing an fMRI scan. Over three sessions, 90 minutes of fMRI data were obtained from each dog's responses to 256 individual video clips. This procedure was repeated on human volunteers.
"It makes perfect sense that dogs' brains are going to be highly attuned to actions first and foremost," he says. "Animals have to be very concerned with things happening in their environment to avoid being eaten or to monitor animals they might want to hunt. Action and movement are paramount."
8 Best Dog Halloween Costumes of 2022 .
Halloween is one of the most fun holidays of the year, especially for pet parents who enjoy dressing up their pups. What’s cuter than dogs in Halloween costumes? If you agree, then you aren’t alone. Americans spend a whopping half a billion dollars per year on Halloween costumes for their pets. If you need some […] The post 8 Best Dog Halloween Costumes of 2022 appeared first on Great Pet Care.