Sport: Renewable energies: Here is what the Government forecasts to accelerate their development

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to develop the Solar energy and wind at sea The government intends to bet on the reduction of environmental requirements and the limitation of possible appeals.

The contours of the bill for accelerating renewable energies, announced by the government in the spring for the start of the school year, are emerging. According to Matignon, the text includes twenty articles divided into three parts. He was sent Friday August 12 to the National Ecological Transition Council (CNTE) for consultation.

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Facing the emergency

The text first provides for a series of exceptional measures that would apply over forty-eight months. Objective according to Matignon: " Respond to current emergencies of supply capacity and capacity to achieve our renewable energy objectives". According to Les Échos , which was able to consult documents relating to the bill, these measures would allow for example to facilitate the increase in submission thresholds with systematic environmental evaluation, or to extend the participation of the public by electronic means to More projects, such as small photovoltaic projects on the ground.

A bunch of emergency measures had already been announced in early August in early August. The Syndicate of Renewable Energies (SER) claims to be " Content " of the content of these announcements. But the president of the Ser, Jean-Louis Bal says: " I think that the concept of emergency does not have the same meaning for the public authorities as for businesses. We have been asking for these measures since April, we are in August and none applies today ".

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The text also provides, according to consultation with the project by Le Figaro, that " The (renewable) facilities respond, in a context of energy crisis, to a major public interest". What to derogate from the protection of protected species and thus " reduce the number of litigation, which are sources of delays and difficulties for projects ", specifies the presentation of the reasons, always according to consultation with the Figaro.

Achieving the objectives set

Another component of the text concerns the deployment of photovoltaics and wind turbines at sea. The government aims to "

release in the short term a potential of more than 20 gigawatts of renewable projects, that is enough for Double the renewable power installed in France ”. Ten solar gigawatts would be obtained via the obligation to build of photovoltaic ombarers which would be imposed in external car parks of more than 2,500 square meters. Four and a half gigawatts would also be obtained thanks to the release of land, like along roads and highways and on wasteland in port areas. The head of state set, in February in Belfort, the objective of multiplying the photovoltaic facilities by ten to reach 100 gigawatts in 2050. “ The idea is to seek all the land available in France "Says Matignon

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concerning the deployment of wind at sea, whose government aims for 40 gigawatts in service in 2050, the bill plans to pool debates on the projects present on the same maritime facade. Until now, the debate has been planned by project. It was a request from the Syndicate of Renewable Energies. "

even if we are satisfied, we were a little more ambitious since we were targeting 50 GWh for wind at sea. But by 2050, we will have time to revise these goals up" , says Jean-Louis Bal, president of the Ser. Currently, a single offshore wind farm is active: that of Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique).

Reconcile the actors concerned

Finally, Matignon intends "

to focus on sharing the value generated by the installation of renewable energy projects with residents" . To limit the appeals, the penultimate article of the project plans to grant a reduced price for electricity to the neighbors of solar power plants or wind farms. Until now, owners of wind or solar parks pay local taxes to the municipalities. They also sometimes offer residents to take a share in the capital of the project.

The executive plans to present the text in the Council of Ministers in mid-September, after consultation with local authorities and civil society. The parliamentary debate would take place in October. Renewable energies represent 20 % of the French electric mix. This makes France the only country in the European Union to have missed its 23 % objective that it set itself for the year 2020.

Ticad Forum: In Africa, Japan seeks to establish itself in health or green energies .
© AP - Fethi Belaid Tunisian President Kais Saied and the Minister of Japanese Foreign Affairs, Yoshimasa Hayashi side by side The eighth Ticad, Saturday August 27, 2022, in Tunis.

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