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US: The Copa City, Miami Crested Club and Cradle of the Combat for Civil Rights of Joséphine Baker

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Miami (AFP) – In December 1950, Josephine Baker received a telegram from Copa City , a posh nightclub in Miami Beach, inviting her to give a series of concerts. "Because of her fame and her wealth, she was able to do things at the cutting edge of the civil rights movement that very few other people would have been able to do without danger of physical harm or state repression," Matthew Guterl, a professor at Brown University, explained in his book " Josephine Baker and the Rainbow Tribe."

Josephine Baker will make history when she becomes the first Black woman inducted into France's Panthéon. The US-born dancer served as a French spy in WWII after fleeing segregation.

Joséphine Baker en uniforme militaire français participe à la marche pour les droits civiques de Washington le 28 août 1963. © Dalmas / Sipa Josephine Baker in French Military Uniform Participate in Washington's 28 August 28th Civil Rights on August 28, 1963.

December 1950. One of Miami Beach's most upscale clubs, Copa City, offers a large amount of money in Josephine Baker for a series of concerts. Net refusal of the artist, who opposes singing in a place that does not accept black spectators. This shock decision at the moment when segregation still rages in the United States marks a turning point for the Franco-American artist, who becomes Tuesday, the first black woman to "enter" at the Pantheon in Paris, a republican mausoleum dedicated to the characters having marked the characters History of France.

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  How an American in Paris was given the rarest of French honors Josephine Baker next week will become the first Black woman and first American to be honored with enshrinement in Paris' Pantheon.She was a Black entertainer who escaped American racism in the 1920s by moving to Paris, the one place she felt free to make history in pushing the boundaries of art and advocacy. The singer and dancer even helped France fight the Nazis.

In December 1950, Josephine Baker received a telegram from Copa City , a chic Miami Beach nightclub , inviting her to give a series of concerts. Using his voice, his money and his popularity, Baker fought against racial discrimination in the United States. “Because of her fame and wealth, she was able to do things at the forefront of the civil rights movement that very few other people could have done without danger of physical injury or state repression,” he said. said Matthew Guterl, professor. at Brown University, explained in his book “ Josephine Baker and the Rainbow Tribe”.

Her Fights for Civil Rights . Josephine Baker , March on Washington, August, 28, 1963. Faire use image. By refusing to perform in racially segregated theaters, staying in the finest hotels and eating in the best restaurants, Josephine wanted to show that skin color did not imply differential treatment In 1951, the Copa City Club invited her after a tour in Latin America, yet Josephine refused to sign contracts with venues that were segregated. She convinced the then jewel of Miami Beach’s roaring nightlife to open its premises to all. Baker ’s shows in Miami were a great success and the start of a

At the end of the 1940s, the singer, magazine and resistant Josephine Baker, native to Saint-Louis in Missouri, is already a world star of the music-hall that triumphs in the cabarets of Paris where she lives since 1925. But his glory does not avoid discrimination in his country of origin. In 1948, many New York hotels refuse to house her with her white husband, Jo Bouillon. A trip that she performs alone and incognito the same year in the South American nourishes her feeling of indignation.

In 1950, Josephine Baker does not hesitate to say no to the proposal of Copa City and to renew his refusal when the Club Manager, Ned Schuyler, goes in person to Havana to convince her. "I can not work in a place where my fellow men do not have the right to enter ," she assists. It's as simple as that. " Segregationist laws prevent US blacks from accessing the beaches or institutions of Miami Beach in Florida, unless they come to work.

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Josephine Baker represented #BlackGirlMagic long before Black Twitter made the term popular. Born in 1906, the year Black Wall Street was founded in the Greenwood district of Tulsa, Oklahoma, she was the first Black woman to become a world-famous entertainer. Her important works also include being a wartime hero, spy, and civil rights activist for Black Americans, including being the only official female speaker at the March on In 1951, Ms. Baker was offered ,000 by the Copa City Club in Miami Beach, but she refused to perform for segregated audiences. The Copa eventually met her demands.

Josephine Baker (1906-1975) (shown at right ), the famous naturalized French music hall star hates [+] the Germans. She is now a member of the Fighting French Women's Corps in North Africa. She entertains not only French troops, but Americans too in Algerian USO clubs . After the war, she was invited back to the States for a series of performances in 1951, where she found herself battling headlong in the Civil Rights movement, successfully desegregating her audiences in Miami , Las Vegas and other venues.

Faced with as much determination, Schuyler givesrates and signs a contract that guarantees entry to all customers whatever their skin color. In January 1951, at the first night in Copa City, Joséphine Baker, who invited black personalities from New York, greets

"His first real representation in his native country for 26 years" , reports an article by Mary L. Dudziak, historian of civil rights in the United States. " the other times do not count. Today it's different. I am pleased to be here in this city in these circumstances that allow my fellow men to see me ", entrusts the diva to the public.

With the success of the concerts in Miami Beach and Incentled by the press, Joséphine Baker undertakes a new American tour in 1951 and demands again that the audience of his shows is not segregated. The "Venus of Ebony" uses its money and its influence to publicly fight against racism. It complains about discrimination against the prestigious Club Stork in New York accusing the servers to have ignored it. In Los Angeles, she stops by the police a white man who refused to eat in the same room she.

Target of MacCarthysme

In "Secrets of History" Discover Josephine Baker, the resistant

 In © ARCHIVES AFP. Josephine Baker in 1961, in his uniform of the Air Forcenterature. On the eve of the pantheonization of the famous African-American singer, France 3 devotes him a show this Monday, November 29, 2021, at 9:05 pm, on France 3. "I have two loves: my country and Paris. In 1930, five years after his arrival in France, the native of Missouri (USA) was singing with tenderness his attachment to the French capital.

Josephine Baker represented #BlackGirlMagic long before Black Twitter made the term popular. Born in 1906, the year Black Wall Street was founded in the Greenwood district of Tulsa, Oklahoma, she was the first Black woman to become a world-famous entertainer. Her important works also include being a wartime hero, spy, and civil rights activist for Black Americans, including being the only official female speaker at the March on Washington, standing at the side of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In 1951, Ms. Baker was offered ,000 by the Copa City Club in Miami Beach, but she refused to perform for

"Thanks to its celebrity and its wealth, she was able to do things at the forefront of the movement for civil rights that few people could do without risking physical violence or state repression," Analysis Matthew GUTERL , Professor at Brown University and author of a biography of the singer.

These shots, however, make them lose contracts in New York, and it is accused of communism, usual weapon used to silence the American dissenting voices at the time of MacCarthysm. Joséphine Baker leaves the country, but the US authorities continue to monitor and put pressure on other countries, particularly in Latin America, so that it can not happen, according to Mary L. Dudziak. But the artist who has a French passport continues to travel and denounce the racial segregation in the United States. This period

"showed the magnitude of his commitment to having a voice and use it to protect his in his native country" , points out the historian.

Josephine Baker

is the only woman to express himself alongside Martin Luther King at the historic walk for the 1963 civic rights. "I have been in the palaces of kings and queens and in the homes of presidents , she launches to the crowd. But I could not get into a hotel in the United States and ask for a coffee and it made me mad with rage. And when I'm angry, I open my big mouth you know. "

Mimie Mathy (Josephine, Guardian Angel) A downward salary for the comedian .
as an approach to the broadcast of the 100th episode of "Josephine, Guardian Angel" on TF1, Mimie Mathy confides on his decline in wages. © Serge Arnal / Starface Mimie Mathy (Josephine, Guardian Angel) A downward salary for the comedian good news for the fans of Mimie Mathy! On December 20, a new episode of the famous "Josephine, Guardian Angel" series should land on TF1. A unique opportunity to find the 64-year-old actress on the small screen.

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