'Heat'-ing up: Michael Mann writes sequel-prequel 'Heat 2'
NEW YORK (AP) — Decades after the release of Michael Mann’s “Heat,” the classic crime thriller has endured in the minds of fans, critics, peers and the director himself. He had so much left to say. “There's always the sense of being shortchanged,” Mann said during a Zoom interview from his apartment in Modena, Italy, where he is currently working on “Ferrari," starring Adam Driver as the race car driver-auto magnate. “I love doing the research and building these characters out very, very completely, and rooting the actor into a whole life. ... The movie is a splinter, it's just a very narrow slice of a complete life.
Extreme heat is suspected in at least four deaths in Oregon as the Pacific Northwest continues to bake Friday in a prolonged heat wave, which has exceeded triple digits in many parts of the region.
The Multnomah County medical examiner is investigating whether heat played a role in three deaths in Portland, according to an agency news release. A fourth possible heat-related death was reported in Umatilla County, on the state’s east side, according to Oregon Public Broadcasting.
Portland reached 102 degrees Fahrenheit on Tuesday, setting a new daily record for July 26. Seattle broke its daily record the same day, rising to 94 degrees. Parts of the inland Northwest, which are more accustomed to searing temperatures, neared 110 degrees at times this week.
Urban heat islands are why it can feel 20 degrees hotter in different parts of the same city
Neighborhoods in highly developed cities can become 15 to 20 degrees hotter by midday than surrounding regions with fewer buildings and more trees.The effect happens when neighborhoods in highly developed cities like New York and New Orleans become 15 to 20 degrees hotter by mid-afternoon than surrounding areas with fewer buildings and more vegetation, according to the National Integrated Heat Health Information System.
The heat wave, which forecasters expect to continue into the weekend, was a reminder of the risks that extreme heat poses in the Pacific Northwest, where people west of the Cascade mountains are poorly adapted for extreme heat and natural systems are vulnerable to soaring temperatures.
While damaging, the impacts of the heat wave remained less significant through Friday compared to the heat dome last year, which stunned the Pacific Northwest as temperatures in some places soared five degrees or more past all-time highs. Seattle temperatures crested at 108 degrees, and Portland hit 116. Hundreds died.
Temperatures this year were not expected to reach such dangerous levels, and local governments had spent the cooler months preparing for impacts — with some evidence that the new planning, while incomplete, was paying off.
We’re entering a climate that humans did not evolve to withstand
For people who do not recognize the early signs or who cannot get out of the heat, heat stroke is the ultimate result.On this side of the Atlantic, over 100 million Americans are under an excessive heat warning or heat advisory.
June 2021’s heat wave was “virtually impossible,” according to some experts, if not for the impacts of climate change. Searing temperatures crumbled streets in Seattle, caused baby birds to jump to their deaths across the region, killed millions of sea creatures along the coastline and cost Washington state about one-fifth of its cherry crop.
This year, cool spring weather, which helped build a hearty mountain snowpack, buffered some of the recent heat, and officials said they were better prepared after hard lessons last year.
“From my experience, the heart dome — we saw it coming, but we didn’t have quite enough coordination to really get ahead of it,” said Rad Cunningham, a senior epidemiologist at the Washington State Department of Health, of the 2021 heat wave. “We’ve done our work to improve our systems.”
The 2021 heat wave served as a wake-up call for the Northwest, where many households don’t have air conditioning. Many cities, including Seattle, didn’t have specific action plans for heat waves.
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The potential upgrade and expansion project at the Bears’ stadium could cost more than $2 billion. View the original article to see embedded media. New details regarding a proposal to build a dome over Soldier Field were revealed Monday by Chicago mayor Lori Lightfoot.Lightfoot held a news conference at the Bears’ stadium Monday and provided information on the city’s proposal to keep the venerable NFL franchise from moving to suburban Arlington Heights, Ill.In addition to the proposal to add a roof to the iconic venue, seating capacity would be increased from 61,500 to approximately 70,000.
The city has since generated a draft report of recommendations following the 2021 heat wave and is working to finalize a new heat action plan, according to Lucia Schmit, an emergency planning coordinator with the city of Seattle.
Schmit said recommendations were in action already. City workers delivered air conditioning units to senior centers that lacked cooling last week. The regional homelessness authority set up cooling at homeless encampments. Coordination for the heat response began several days earlier than it did last year, Schmit said.
King County, which includes Seattle and its suburbs, is developing a heat mitigation strategy also. Portland started a program to provide cooling heat-pump devices for low-income residents.
Washington state’s workplace safety regulator rolled out new emergency heat rules in an attempt to better protect outdoor workers. Oregon in May introduced new permanent rules.
This year, state and local public health agencies fired off a flurry of heat messages many days before the temperatures spiked.
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“You could see from our social media this year, we got out with heat messaging well ahead of this event,” Cunningham said. “We were scrambling to catch up during the heat dome last year.”
Last summer, 157 deaths from heat-related illnesses were reported in Washington state; most were recorded during the three-day heat wave that June. Nearly 100 deaths were reported in Oregon during the heat wave. The true toll is likely higher, as heat often exacerbates concerns like heart or kidney conditions but isn’t implicated directly in official death data.
The 2021 heat dome wrought disastrous environmental effects. Shellfish were exposed by low tides that came during the hottest times of the day, leaving the creatures to steam onshore to their deaths. Some fish die-offs were reported in overheated streams. Intense temperatures sunburned cherries, forcing some growers to abandon their crop altogether.
This year’s heat wave was primed for less dire impacts.
Coastal temperatures remained more modest, and the timing of tides offered more protection for shellfish during the heat of the day. The above-average snowpack and a cool spring meant the Columbia River was flowing with cool temperatures preferred by salmon, trout and other species.
“It’s a degree cooler compared to the five-year average this time of year,” said Ben Anderson, a spokesperson for Washington’s fish and wildlife agency. “The flows are looking pretty good.”
We created scorching 'heat islands' in East Coast cities. Now they're becoming unlivable
The heat radiating from the concrete and pavement in these sunbaked neighborhoods is as invisible, and insidious, as the practices that created them.On a blazing summer day, she began gasping for air inside her Petersburg, Virginia, apartment, and was forced to call 911. If she’d been able to look out her window to see the ambulance pull up at Carriage House, an income-based complex for the elderly, she wouldn’t have been able to see a single tree. Just the other side of the sprawling brick building.
Many cherry crops have already been picked, and the heat wave missed disrupting the season, said Jon DeVaney, president of the Washington State Tree Fruit Association. Growers have grown accustomed to shifting picking hours earlier in the day when necessary, DeVaney said.
Gowers last year scrambled to buy headlamps and lighting so workers could pick overnight in orchards, when the fruit is less likely to be damaged and when workers are at less risk. It’s an investment that could pay off in the future.
“Last year, they had to invest in all the lighting infrastructure and work through the details of being able to do that,” said Lee Kalcsits, an associate professor of tree fruit physiology at Washington State University. “Everyone shifted toward moving towards night probably faster than they would have if the heat dome hadn’t happened.”
Meantime, in apple orchards, an increasing number of growers are investing in shade cloth, which filters out between 10% and 30% of overhead sunlight on their crops, Kalcsits added. It helps them save water and prevent their fruit from becoming sunburned when temperatures spike.
Health care workers remained wary of the weekend, with the forecast calling for extreme temperatures through Sunday in the inland Northwest.
In Washington state, 242 emergency department visits for heat-related illness had been reported to the state Department of Health from Monday through Friday morning.
“During the heat dome, we had as many as 200 in a single day,” Cunningham said. But “we’re not done with this one yet.”
Can Heat get away without an upgrade at the four?
Jorge Sedano and Zach Lowe discussed the possibility on a recent podcast episode.Lowe Post mega-podcast bouncing around some of the teams who (so far) have stood pat in the offseason: @Sedano on the Heat, @ChrisFedor on the Cavs, @SchwartzCenterM on the Suns:
Heat’s effects can accumulate over time, especially if people can’t cool their bodies down sufficiently at night, said Dr. Antonio Germann, a physician with the Yakima Valley Farm Workers Clinic.
Germann said about 50% of his patients are migrant farmworkers, including some who worked outside during the day and were living in housing that lacked air conditioning.
”The longer duration of these heat waves makes it more complex and risky for them,” Germann said.
When Germann came to his clinic in Oregon’s Willamette Valley about a decade ago, he didn’t think much about the impacts of heat. He now sees its imprint on many patients.
“Asthma, heart disease, kidney disease and things of that nature, these are related, and these are the consequences of a climate that is changing,” Germann said.
Even with better planning, heat will remain a potent threat in the Northwest.
In Seattle, “the building stock in the city has been built to retain heat,” Schmit said, adding that fewer than half of residents had air conditioning. Renovating aging community centers and other city buildings to offer cooling could take years, or decades.
“We don’t have a lot of indoor options. Creating those options is going to be a long, intensive process,” Schmit said, adding that, historically, Seattle relied on nighttime cooling to give people’s bodies a break. “We will see an increase of nighttime heat waves in the city. That’s our reality going forward. Last year was a one-off and a fluke event in many ways, but not in most of the ways that matter.”
CORRECTION (July 30, 2022, 12:56 p.m. ET): A previous version of this article misstated the orchards in which workers are using shade cloths. They are getting used in apple orchards, not cherry orchards.
'Heat 2 is coming soon!' Director Michael Mann teases sequel .
Heat director Michael Mann teased a sequel in a Twitter post shared on Saturday. 'Heat 2 is coming soon!' Michael tweeted, sharing a black and white image to his Twitter.'Heat 2 is coming soon!' Michael tweeted, sharing a black and white image that appeared to hint at a live action production.