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World: 10 Worst Countries for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Since 1990

Daily on Energy: US and EU take aim at dirty Chinese steel in tariff agreement

  Daily on Energy: US and EU take aim at dirty Chinese steel in tariff agreement Subscribe today to the Washington Examiner magazine and get Washington Briefing: politics and policy stories that will keep you up to date with what's going on in Washington. SUBSCRIBE NOW: Just $1.00 an issue! © Provided by Washington Examiner DOE Newsletter Default 11-2021 US AND EU VERSUS CHINESE STEEL: As they resolved their fight over steel and aluminum tariffs this weekend, the U.S. and European Union also announced a first-of-its kind initiative to promote low carbon trade of those two key commodities.

World leaders (with the notable exception of key players Xi Jinping of China and Vladimir Putin of Russia) are currently attending the COP26 climate summit in Scotland.

View of the Syncrude oil sands extraction facility near the town of Fort McMurray in Alberta Province, Canada on October 25, 2009. © Photo by MARK RALSTON/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images View of the Syncrude oil sands extraction facility near the town of Fort McMurray in Alberta Province, Canada on October 25, 2009.

Burning oil, gas and coal releases greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, which warm Earth. In 2015's Paris Agreement, leaders committed to keep global warming "well below" 2C—aiming for 1.5C—to avoid climate disaster. But the world is not on track.

A tax on methane may appeal to some — but won't actually reduce emissions

  A tax on methane may appeal to some — but won't actually reduce emissions Methane emissions have dropped sharply because energy companies have every incentive to capture methane, a component of natural gas.At the COP26 climate summit, President Biden on Tuesday announced proposed rules for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to cut methane emissions from U.S. oil and gas operations. And in Congress, Democrats are pushing partisan climate legislation through the budget process. Some of their proposals would have serious unintended consequences, especially the proposed tax on methane emissions. In fact, this short-sighted approach to battling climate change will do little to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the oil and gas industry.

According to the August 9 IPCC report which represents the global scientific consensus on global warming, "stabilising the climate will require strong, rapid, and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reaching net zero CO2 emissions."

Net zero means not adding to the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

A key aim of the COP26 conference is to "secure global net zero by mid-century [2050] and keep 1.5 degrees within reach."

Policy forum Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) tracks each country on eight greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide.

Not all countries provide data each year. The list below has been compiled by taking the an average of the amount of greenhouse gas each country has pumped into the atmosphere every year since 1990.

The World's Top Carbon Emitters Now All Have Net Zero Pledges. Most of Them Are Too Vague

  The World's Top Carbon Emitters Now All Have Net Zero Pledges. Most of Them Are Too Vague The World's Top Carbon Emitters Now All Have Net Zero Pledges. Most of Them Are Too VagueCombined with a flurry of country targets unveiled before or during COP26, India’s pledge means that 87% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions and 89% of its economy are now covered by net zero targets, although with differing time frames.

10. United Kingdom

655,430,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent) a year

A chimney is seen emitting steam on Cheshire, England. The world's population is more environmentally aware now than ever with emissions being cut and rubbish recycling at it's highest. However experts have announced that current levels of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere are higher now than at any time in the past 650,000 years. Getty Images/Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images © Getty Images/Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images A chimney is seen emitting steam on Cheshire, England. The world's population is more environmentally aware now than ever with emissions being cut and rubbish recycling at it's highest. However experts have announced that current levels of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane in the atmosphere are higher now than at any time in the past 650,000 years. Getty Images/Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The U.K. set ambitious 2030 and 2035 targets that, if achieved, would put it on track to achieve its 2050 net zero target.

However, scientific analysers at Climate Action Tracker, an organization that monitors climate policy, has warned there is "a large gap between the U.K's ambitions and its present level of action."

Its U.K. policy profile notes: "Under current policies, the UK is expected to reach only 54-56% below 1990 levels (excl. LULUCF), far from on track to achieve its recently updated NDC and underscoring the scale of new policies needed."

Biden sends the wrong message on climate change, US is a leader on lowering emissions

  Biden sends the wrong message on climate change, US is a leader on lowering emissions Entirely eliminating fossil fuels and returning our economies to the stone age does nothing if you only force production to pack up and move to a country with worse environmental standards. If the administration wants to lower global GHG emissions, they need to be less concerned about virtue signaling and more concerned about real solutions that have already worked.Bill Cassidy, M.D., is a member of the Senate Energy and Natural Resource Committee. Kevin Cramer is a member of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee.

9. Canada

700,292,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)

Canada's climate target, policies and finance has been categorized as "highly insufficient" by Climate Action Tracker.

US says oil, gas sales damage climate — but won't stop them

  US says oil, gas sales damage climate — but won't stop them BILLINGS, Mont. (AP) — The Biden administration is planning to sell oil and gas leases on huge tracts of public land in the U.S. West, despite the Interior Department's conclusion that doing so could cost society billions of dollars in climate change impacts, according to government documents. Administration officials announced last week that government regulators for the first time will analyze greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels extracted from government-owned lands across the U.S. Burning those fuels accounts for about 20% of energy-related U.S. emissions, making them a prime target for climate activists who want to shut down leasing.

It reports that Canada is not meeting its "fair-share contributions to climate change" and should strengthen targets and policies, as well as provide more support to other nations.

International Energy Agency, a respected climate watchdog, reports that Canada emitted 5711 mega tons of CO2 alone in 2019—a 39 percent increase on 1990 levels.

8. Brazil

790,334,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)

Aerial view of a fire in the Amazonia rainforest in the surroundings of the city of Porto Velho, Rondonia state, Brazil, on September 15, 2021. - World leaders reunited in Glasgow for the COP26 on November 2, 2021 issued a multibillion-dollar pledge to end deforestation by 2030, a promise met with scepticism by environmental groups who say more urgent action is needed to save the planet's lungs. Photo by MAURO PIMENTEL/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by MAURO PIMENTEL/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images Aerial view of a fire in the Amazonia rainforest in the surroundings of the city of Porto Velho, Rondonia state, Brazil, on September 15, 2021. - World leaders reunited in Glasgow for the COP26 on November 2, 2021 issued a multibillion-dollar pledge to end deforestation by 2030, a promise met with scepticism by environmental groups who say more urgent action is needed to save the planet's lungs. Photo by MAURO PIMENTEL/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images

Brazil's climate targets and policies have also been dubbed "highly insufficient" by Climate Action Tracker.

COP26 draft deal calls on countries to boost emissions cuts by end of 2022. Here's what else is in it

  COP26 draft deal calls on countries to boost emissions cuts by end of 2022. Here's what else is in it A draft of the Glasgow Agreement published on Wednesday includes language that says the world should be aiming to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees and acknowledges the role of fossil fuels in the climate crisis, a first for the annual COP meeting.A draft of the Glasgow Agreement published on Wednesday includes language that says the world should be aiming to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and acknowledges the role of fossil fuels in the climate crisis, a first for the annual Conference of the Parties on climate. If the draft is agreed in current form, it could pave the way for deeper emissions cuts by the end of next year.

According to IEA metric calculations, Brazil emitted 410.99 Mt of CO2 in 2019—up 122 percent from 1990 emission levels.

Most of Brazil's emissions come from land use changes and deforestation.

7. Germany

1,013,030,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)

Eleven years ago, Germany initiated the Energiewende, a plan to make its energy system more efficient and supplied mainly by renewable energy sources. Under the plan, half of all electricity supply will come from renewable energy sources and coal use will be phased out by 2038.

In September 2021, however, Russian energy company Gazprom completed a five year project to construct a natural gas pipeline, called Nord Stream 2, from Russia to Germany, doubling Moscow's gas exports to Germany.a

According to IEA, Germany also plans to phase-out nuclear power by 2022. IEA data shows Germany emitted 644.11 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a 31 percent decrease from 1990.

6. Japan 1334071.85

Smoke rises from chimneys at factories on November 30, 2019 in Kamisu, Ibaraki, Japan. Photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi/Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi/Getty Images/Getty Images Smoke rises from chimneys at factories on November 30, 2019 in Kamisu, Ibaraki, Japan. Photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi/Getty Images/Getty Images

Climate Action Tracker rates Japan's climate targets, policies and finance as "insufficient," and suggests that the country needs substantial improvements to be consistent with the Paris Agreement's 1.5°C temperature limit.

Can world's climate target and India's development coexist?

  Can world's climate target and India's development coexist? GLASGOW, Scotland (AP) — India faces a difficult choice that will have consequences for the world. No country’s energy needs are expected to grow faster in coming decades than India's. Even under the most optimistic projections, a part of the demand must be met by dirty coal power -- a key source of heat trapping carbon emissions. India can either compromise on development needed to lift millions from poverty, or it can continue burning coal from the country's vast domestic reserves, said India’s top environmental official Rameshwar Prasad Gupta in New Delhi, the week before the United Nations climate summit at Glasgow, known as COP26.

According to IEA, Japan emitted 1056.19 Mt of CO2 in 2019—an increase of 0.41 percent from 1990 levels.

5. Indonesia 1623505.57

A view of palm oil plantation in Pelalawan district on July 12, 2014 in Riau province, Sumatra, Indonesia. According to Greenpeace, the destruction of forests is driven by the expansion of palm oil and pulp & paper has increased the greenhouse gas emissions, pushing animals such as sumatran tigers to the brink of extinction, and local communities to lose their source of life. Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images/Getty Images A view of palm oil plantation in Pelalawan district on July 12, 2014 in Riau province, Sumatra, Indonesia. According to Greenpeace, the destruction of forests is driven by the expansion of palm oil and pulp & paper has increased the greenhouse gas emissions, pushing animals such as sumatran tigers to the brink of extinction, and local communities to lose their source of life. Photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images/Getty Images

Indonesia is the world's fourth-largest producer of coal and Southeast Asia's biggest gas supplier. It is also the largest producer of biofuels worldwide.

Carbon Brief, a British website focused on climate policy, reported that 'deforestation and "peatland megafires" play a significant part in Indonesia's emissions.

IEA data shows that Indonesia emitted 583.41 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a more than three-fold rise on 1990 levels.

Indonesia has signed a COP26 agreement to end and reverse its deforestation by 2030.

4. India 1,919,572,000

In this picture taken on October 14, 2021, trucks loaded with coal travel down a road at the Jharia coalfield in Dhanbad in India's Jharkhand state. - Asia-Pacific accounts for about three-quarters of global coal consumption -- even as the region struggles with the environmental and public health impacts of global warming, from deadly levels of air pollution in India to extreme heatwaves and wildfires in Australia. Photo by GAUTAM DEY/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by GAUTAM DEY/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images In this picture taken on October 14, 2021, trucks loaded with coal travel down a road at the Jharia coalfield in Dhanbad in India's Jharkhand state. - Asia-Pacific accounts for about three-quarters of global coal consumption -- even as the region struggles with the environmental and public health impacts of global warming, from deadly levels of air pollution in India to extreme heatwaves and wildfires in Australia. Photo by GAUTAM DEY/AFP via Getty Images/Getty Images

India is responsible for 6.84 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to recent Financial Times analysis, with 80 percent of its electricity generated by fossil fuels.

Vietnam reconsiders methane-emitting rice amid climate crisis

  Vietnam reconsiders methane-emitting rice amid climate crisis Country says it can no longer be ‘rice first’ as farmers urged to change planting techniques or consider alternatives.To meet the commitment, the Southeast Asian nation will need to look at rice – one of the country’s key exports and a staple food – but also the second biggest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions among foodstuffs after beef.

Data from IEA, shows that India emitted 2310 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a 335 percent rise on 1990 levels.

Climate Action Tracker rates India's climate targets and policies as "highly insufficient" insisting the country needs to "curb its expected growth in emissions from its dependency on fossil fuels."

3. Russia 2,106,040,000

Russia's total greenhouse gas emissions have dropped since 1990, but are estimated to represent 4.07 percent of the global total.

Climate Action Tracker rates Russia's climate targets, policies and finance as "critically insufficient". Its analysts warn: "Under current policies, Russia's economy-wide emissions are expected to either flatline or continue rising to 2030, when they should be rapidly declining, especially for such a large emitter."

2. United States 6,906,367,000

Vehicles move along the The New Jersey Turnpike Way while a Factory emits smoke on November 17, 2017 in Carteret, New Jersey. The United States is still contributing to the global greenhouse gas emissions. Photo by Kena Betancur/VIEWpress/Corbis via Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by Kena Betancur/VIEWpress/Corbis via Getty Images/Getty Images Vehicles move along the The New Jersey Turnpike Way while a Factory emits smoke on November 17, 2017 in Carteret, New Jersey. The United States is still contributing to the global greenhouse gas emissions. Photo by Kena Betancur/VIEWpress/Corbis via Getty Images/Getty Images

The U.S. is thought to contribute more than 10 percent of global carbon emissions. On average, each American is responsible for 15 tonnes a year, more than double the footprint of the average Chinese citizen.

President Joe Biden has pledged to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least half rom 2005 levels by 2030. He is also cracking down on methane pollution which, according to the FT, accounts for about 10 percent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. "but has more than 80 times the warming potential of carbon dioxide over a 20-year period."

IEA data shows the States, emitted 4,744 Mt of CO2 in 2019—down 1 percent on 1990.

1. China 9,362,382,000

In 2008 China officially became the worlds largest emitter of C02 (greenhouse gases), largely driven by its ever increasing demand for energy most of which is met by producing electricity from coal fired power stations. A large part of China's carbon footprint is the construction industry. In most cities they are tearing down the old slums and replacing them with modern high rise apartment blocks. As they ever increasigly wealthy chinese families move into them their energy consumtion rises as they purchase TV's, fridge's, freezers, etc all of which consume energy. Suihua, Heilongjiang province. Photo by Ashley Cooper/Construction Photography/Avalon/Getty Images/Getty Images © Photo by Ashley Cooper/Construction Photography/Avalon/Getty Images/Getty Images In 2008 China officially became the worlds largest emitter of C02 (greenhouse gases), largely driven by its ever increasing demand for energy most of which is met by producing electricity from coal fired power stations. A large part of China's carbon footprint is the construction industry. In most cities they are tearing down the old slums and replacing them with modern high rise apartment blocks. As they ever increasigly wealthy chinese families move into them their energy consumtion rises as they purchase TV's, fridge's, freezers, etc all of which consume energy. Suihua, Heilongjiang province. Photo by Ashley Cooper/Construction Photography/Avalon/Getty Images/Getty Images

China's CO2 emissions have increased dramatically since the 1990s.

International Energy Agency (IEA) reports that China emitted 9,876 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a 372 percent increase on 1990 emission levels.

About 70 percent of China's electricity was produced from non-renewable or nuclear fuels, with renewables producing 26 percent, and nuclear 4 percent.

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Vietnam reconsiders methane-emitting rice amid climate crisis .
Country says it can no longer be ‘rice first’ as farmers urged to change planting techniques or consider alternatives.To meet the commitment, the Southeast Asian nation will need to look at rice – one of the country’s key exports and a staple food – but also the second biggest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions among foodstuffs after beef.

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