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World: Russia and China block UN support for sanctions on Mali

West African leaders to discuss Mali crisis in key summit

  West African leaders to discuss Mali crisis in key summit West African leaders will gather Sunday to discuss Mali's political crisis, with the military junta submitting a new timeframe for a transition back to civilian rule at the last minute after its first proposal was rejected. On Saturday, the junta submitted a new proposed timetable to the bloc's acting president, Malian state television reported -- without giving any details about its contents. - Potential sanctions -The 15-nation ECOWAS has led the push for Mali to uphold its commitment to stage elections early this year.

In recent years, the United States and Europe began to actively use unfair competition by announcing all kinds of unilateral sanctions that violate international law in a frantic desire to achieve some advantage over Russia and China . Washington and its Western allies will take any step they can No less aggressively, Washington and its Western allies are pursuing a sanctions policy against Russia , inventing and approving more and more anti- Russian sanctions for various far-fetched reasons. Recently, the European Union has become an active instrument in such a policy of Washington

In a special summit on January 9, ECOWAS members imposed sanctions on Mali ’s military government, which seized power in a coup, after it said it would not hold elections on Feb. 27, 2022, but at the end of 2025. The sanctions include the closing of land and air borders between ECOWAS “We believe Malians have every right to interact with other partners that are ready to cooperate in promoting security,” Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said. “The hysteria around a Russian private military company is another manifestation of double standards, because it is well known that

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Russia and China blocked the U.N. Security Council on Tuesday from supporting new sanctions on Mali for its military leaders’ decision to delay next month’s elections until 2026, a blow to the restoration of democracy in the troubled West African nation.

FILE - Col. Assimi Goita meets with a high-level delegation from the West African regional bloc known as ECOWAS, at the Ministry of Defense in Bamako, Mali, Aug. 22, 2020. West African regional leaders signaled Sunday Jan. 9, 2022 at a special meeting in Ghana's capital that they will oppose an effort by the Mali's coup leader to extend his time in power by four more years instead of holding democratic elections next month as originally promised. (AP Photo, File) © Provided by Associated Press FILE - Col. Assimi Goita meets with a high-level delegation from the West African regional bloc known as ECOWAS, at the Ministry of Defense in Bamako, Mali, Aug. 22, 2020. West African regional leaders signaled Sunday Jan. 9, 2022 at a special meeting in Ghana's capital that they will oppose an effort by the Mali's coup leader to extend his time in power by four more years instead of holding democratic elections next month as originally promised. (AP Photo, File)

Kenya’s U.N. ambassador, Martin Kimani, said after closed-door discussions on the proposed French-drafted statement endorsing the sanctions imposed by the West African regional group ECOWAS he was “disappointed” that the council couldn’t agree on what he called a “relatively mild” press statement.

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For their part, Russia and China pleaded for non-interference in Mali . The representative of Bamako also denounced, in line with the declaration of the president of the transition Assimi Goïta, the announcements “Illegal and illegitimate »From ECOWAS. Regarding the strong sanctions imposed The French President recalled France’s support for ECOWAS and UEMOA during a press conference at the Élysée with the President of the European Council, Charles Michel. UEMOA and ECOWAS have given a very clear and firm position with unprecedented sanctions for a country in the region which

UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Russia and China have blocked the U . N . Security Council committee monitoring sanctions against North Korea from declaring that Pyongyang breached the annual limit for importing refined petroleum products which are key for its economy, two U . N . diplomats said Tuesday. The Security Council imposed sanctions on North Korea after its first nuclear test explosion in 2006 and has made them tougher and tougher in response to further such tests and its increasingly sophisticated ballistic missile program. Many diplomats and analysts credit the sanctions

Kimani said the Security Council’s failure to support ECOWAS’ actions spurred its three African members -- Kenya, Ghana and Gabon -- to speak to reporters to fully back the regional bloc's position, “including the imposition of sanctions on the military authorities in Mali to ensure an expedited transition to constitutional rule.”

Mali has struggled to contain an Islamic extremist insurgency since 2012. Extremist rebels were forced from power in Mali’s northern cities with the help of a French-led military operation, but they regrouped in the desert and began launching attacks on the Malian army and its allies. Insecurity has worsened with attacks on civilians and U.N. peacekeepers.

In August 2020, Malian President Boubacar Ibrahim Keita was overthrown in a coup that included Col. Assimi Goita. Last June, Goita was sworn in as president of a transitional government after carrying out his second coup in nine months. The junta initially had agreed to hold a new election in late February but the military leadership now says the presidential ballot will not take place until 2026 because of deepening insecurity across the country, giving Goita four more years in power.

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Sanctions do not operate, succeed or fail in a vacuum. The measures are most effective at maintaining or restoring international peace and security when applied as part of a comprehensive strategy encompassing peacekeeping, peacebuilding and peacemaking. Contrary to the assumption that sanctions are punitive Today, there are 14 ongoing sanctions regimes which focus on supporting political settlement of conflicts, nuclear non-proliferation, and counter-terrorism. Each regime is administered by a sanctions committee chaired by a non-permanent member of the Security Council.

Russia and China again thwarted efforts to slap Syria with punitive sanctions as both used their vetoes Thursday to defeat a United Nations Security Council resolution. "Two permanent members of the council are prepared to defend Assad to the bitter end," said Susan Rice, the Obama administration's ambassador to the It was the third time the two veto-wielding permanent members of the Security Council had blocked attempts by the Western powers to impose sanctions on Syria in an effort to force Mr. al-Assad from power. In Syria, the ophthalmologist-turned-dictator surfaced, more

ECOWAS leaders responded Sunday, calling Goita's delayed timetable “totally unacceptable” and saying it “simply means that an illegitimate military transition government will take the Malian people hostage during the next five years.”

They imposed new sanctions, suspending most commerce and financial aid to Mali, closing land and air borders with other members of ECOWAS and activating the bloc’s standby force, saying it “will have to be ready for any eventuality.”

The United States, United Kingdom, France and other Security Council members joined the Africans in supporting ECOWAS’ actions.


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British deputy ambassador James Kariuki called Mali’s decision to delay elections “deeply disappointing,” saying “it brings into question the transitional authorities’ commitment to democracy and the rule of law, despite assurances given to members of this council during our visit to Bamako last October.”

Malians have shown in Bamako and the other major cities of the country

 Malians have shown in Bamako and the other major cities of the country © RFI / Kaourou Magassa demonstration in Bamako, Friday 14 January 2022. A monster crowd in the streets of Bamako and gatherings also in others Large cities of the country, this Friday, January 14, 2022 in Mali. The Malians responded massively to the call of the authorities of the transition which, in a statement read last Sunday on national television, launched a call for mobilization to say no to the sanctions of the CEDAO.

France, Mali 's former colonial power, and the United States backed the decisions, with French President Emmanuel Macron telling reporters on Tuesday: "We are in complete solidarity with the region and with this very courageous and clear stance" by ECOWAS. Colonel Assimi Goita, the poor Sahel country's strongman, late Monday called the measures "extreme" and urged Malians to stage protests against the sanctions on Friday. Goita also called the sanctions "illegitimate, illegal and inhumane", while adding that he remains open for dialogue with his West African neighbours.

U.S. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield accused Mali’s transitional government of a “blatant lack of political will ... to make progress toward organizing elections” and said a five-year transition “extends the pain of the people.”

The three countries also strongly criticized the presence of the Russian private military company, the Wagner Group, in Mali.

French Ambassador Nicolas De Riviere reiterated his country’s condemnation of the deployment of mercenaries from the Wagner Group “who are known to threaten civilians, loot resources, violate international law and the sovereignty of states.” He expressed regret that Mali’s transitional authorities “are using already limited public funds to pay foreign mercenaries instead of supporting the national forces and public services for the benefit of the Malian people.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has said that the company has a “legitimate” right to be in the West African nation because it was invited by the transitional government, and he has insisted that the Russian government is not involved.

Mali: After the force demonstration, the junta activates on the diplomatic front

 Mali: After the force demonstration, the junta activates on the diplomatic front © AFP - Florent VERGNES Malians agitate the national flag during a massive manifestation in support of the junta in power and against the sanctions of The Cédao in Bamako, on January 14, 2022. Friday, the Malians answered massively to the appeal of the junta to demonstrate against the sanctions imposed on Mali by the Cédaea. The mobilization has been strong in Bamako and inside the country. Despite this demonstration of force, the dialogue is not broken.

Mali’s U.N. ambassador, Issa Konfourou, told the Security Council there are no mercenaries on Malian soil. He said Russian trainers are in Mali to advise and train its military on the use of military equipment acquired by the government from Russia.

Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said: “Hysteria around the Russian company is yet another manifestation of double standards, for it is clear that the market for such services is monopolized by Western countries.”

Konfourou said the government was “”shocked” by ECOWAS' economic and financial sanctions and “emphatically condemned these illegal and illegitimate” measures. He said Goita asked ECOWAS “to reconsider its interpretation of the situation in Mali,” remains open to dialogue with the regional bloc, and “reiterated a willingness to spare no effort to ensure the prompt restoration of constitutional order in safe and secure Mali.”

Diplomats said Russia considered the proposed council statement unbalanced, and Nebenzia was sympathetic to the government.

“We understand and are cognizant of the difficulties encountered by the Malian authorities in preparing for general elections,” the Russian ambassador said. “We concur with the fact that absent restoration of government control in many parts, regions of the country, it will be difficult to view the vote as legitimate.”

A Bamako, national funerals for the former president "IBK" .
Friday 21 January, the funeral of Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta were organized by the civil-military power which caused his fall, in August 2020. © Provided By the world of the soldiers wear the coffin of the former President Malian Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, at his national funeral, in Bamako, on January 21, 2022. The ceremony was in itself a symbol, the condensed events that upset the Mali these last eighteen months.

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